Semi-winter dormant Titan 5 is an exciting new lucerne variety combining a 50:50 cross between Medicago sativa lucerne (purple flower) and Medicago falcata (yellow flower) lucerne.. Medicago falcata, regarded as a more resilient species of Medicago, is geographically distributed and originated in the cold and dry areas of Russia, Mongolia, Scandinavia, and China. Seed rate of lucerne. In 1977, spotted alfalfa aphids almost destroyed all lucerne stands in Australia, which prompted significant breeding and variety introduction. Distinguishing characteristics. There are two dominant types of lucerne grown in Europe: Provence and Flemish. Varieties should be selected to have a good resistance to V. wilt. Breeding There is sufficient variation in lucerne varieties for seed yield to be increased substantially by selection and breeding. Sirsa 8: This annual variety was developed at Fodder Research Station, Sirsa (Haryana). The seed rate depends on viability of seeds also. improved persistence F914QL is an ideal replacement for SF Force 10 and other activity 9 or 10 Lucerne varieties. Taškent 1 gave 13 cuts and a mean yield of 674.9 c. per ha. Total yield has a huge impact on the profitability of lucerne production. Weather conditions have little influence on the process. The parent germplasm was tested under an arduous series of strict grazing protocols […] The most important characteristic to consider when selecting varieties is dormancy. It is an excellent forage feed for livestock and can be grazed or made into silage or hay. Pea straw and lucerne for mulching; Barley straw for algae control; Top quality hay – small squares. This is a measure of the winter hardiness of a variety and exists on a scale of 1–12, with 1 being very dormant in winter and 12 having virtually no winter dormancy. Following the withdrawal of the NSW DPI from lucerne breeding, SARDI is the only program with the resources and ability to deliver the most widely adaptable and thoroughly tested lucerne varieties … Consider the dormancy rating and ensure the majority of dry matter production will occur at a time that is well matched to the feed demands of your farming system. The cultivation practices given here also hold good for most of those varieties also. Zero grazing is a good way of utilising Lucerne, but short chop is important to limit the stock separating the leaf from the stem. Lucerne can be established successfully whether it is sown in autumn, winter or spring. All lucerne varieties are summer active but they vary in their winter activity. It is rarely a serious problem in the UK as it multiplies rapidly at high temperatures (>30°C) after rainfall. Seed rate of lucerne: 6-7 kg/acre. In general, winter active varieties (>6) are better adapted to Mediterranean climatic conditions as found in southern Western Australia. SF Force 5 lucerne was developed for grazing under set stocking by selecting plants that excelled and persisted under two years of set stocking. It thrives very well on well-drained soils with a sufficient content of lime, potash and phosphate. Lucerne was introduced to Australia over 200 years ago and for many years most lucerne grown was the Hunter River variety. Therefore, a long-term crop rotation and application of the right catch crops for nematode control are recommended if lucerne is grown on farms with root-lesion nematode occurrence. Each variety is given a winter activity rating between 1 and 10, with 1 being winter dormant and 10 highly winter active. Very little is known about the difference in resistance between lucerne varieties. HWA lucerne will typically have a shorter life-span of around 3–4 years, although some varieties, including SARDI 10 Series 2, have exhibited improved persistence in many circumstances. The distribution of dry‐matter yields averaged over all varieties was 44, 29 and 27% for cuts 1, 2 and 3, respectively. It can be sowed in clean, well prepared soils at a density of 25-30kg per ha under irrigation. There are also several other good varieties of lucerne released by various organizations. Lucerne is a reliable, perennial deep-rooted legume adapted for both irrigated and non-irrigated land. The Lucerne grass commonly referred to alfalfa is a highly precious forage legume because of its palatable and nutritious benefits compared to Napier and Download PDF L56 is a high yielding variety with excellent forage quality and greater persistence on all soil types. After two years, surviving plants were dug up and replanted next to aphid and disease resistant selections for open pollination. Reducing the cereal seed rate by a third and cutting it as arable or wholecrop silage will give lucerne the best start. It is the ultimate choice where a stand is required for prolonged periods of set-stocking. In trials with seven cultivars in three successive years, Vahš 233, Taškent 721 and lolotan' 1763 began spring growth 5-10 days earlier than the rest; Vahš 233 gave 16 cuts compared with 10-13 in the others and its mean yield was 669.4 c. per ha. It is bred in Australia to suit the Australian climate. Suitable soils and optimum pH. Built with unrivaled agronomic packages to stand up against yield limiting pests and winter stress, the mix of traits delivers excellent forage yield and quality for your operation. Dormancy: 9. There should therefore be a four year break between lucerne crops. 5 Lucerne varieties are rated according to their dormancy. Close grazing, or cutting close to the crown will damage and potentially shorten the life of the plant. There are more than 50 varieties available to Australian growers. Four different varieties of lucerne “Pleven 6”, “Dara”, “Roly”, “Multifoliolate”) and bird’s foot-trefoil (“Gran San Gabriele”, “Leo”, “Local population 1”, “Local population 2”) were studied in order to find some varieties with allelopathic tolerance. The lower the dormancy rating, the less active the plant is during winter. We also supply clean straw for stables and pet bedding. compared with 549.1 for Horezmskaja mestnaja [Horezm Local]. We always strive for the best quality. Bloat preventatives should be used when feeding, though wilting new varieties are developed based on market requirements, so only the best are chosen for commercial release. Varieties are variable and contain a proportion of plants with poor seed yield potential Trials in seed production districts can assess seed yield potential and longevity of varieties. It is widely adopted but prefers deep, well drained soils with neutral to high PH. Choose resistant varieties as there are no chemical treatments available. Complete Hay Supplies stocks all types of hay. On average, the early types of lucerne gave the highest yields of dry matter and crude protein. Select species and varieties efficiently. Lucerne must be sown into warm soils and is often undersown to a spring cereal crop as it is slow to establish. Its yield potential is about 35-40 t/ha of green fodder and 0.2-0.3 t/ha seed. Varieties. Semi-winter dormant Titan 5 is an exciting new lucerne variety combining Medicago sativa and Medicago falcata genetics. Autumn establishment is better suited to winter active or highly winter-active varieties as they have better frost tolerance. It is suitable for Gravels and free-draining soils with a pH 6.5-8. It … Very high resistance to the major disease Phytophora Root Rot makes it the ideal option across soil types that are […] Growers who have for many years enjoyed the benefits of Genesis lucerne, will transition well into Genesis II. Some 120 lucerne varieties and breeding lines, many of which had previously undergone two cycles of selection under continuous sheep grazing, were evaluated in a continuous grazing trial at Roseworthy SA. Lucerne is traditionally used to make hay, but the weather conditions may sometimes be unsuitable. Ensiling lucerne has many advantages over making hay, when it comes to retaining quality. Although it was traditionally a summer growing plant, Mr McRae pointed out lucerne varieties are … There are no control methods. The development of new improved salt tolerant lucerne varieties gives forage producers an additional means of minimising salinity related production losses and an opportunity to improve profits by fully utilising all the farm ground available to them. Varieties The improved varieties of lucerne along with their characteristics of some of the important commonly grown varieties are given below. Pioneer lucerne breeders have developed varieties with greater yield potential and Several important factors must be considered when choosing a lucerne variety (Wiersma et al, 2000). High yield potential. It has good pest and disease resistance and is the ideal choice where producers are looking to plant lucerne with an expected stand life of 7+ years.\ Important considerations. Over the three harvest years of the experiment, Flandria was the highest yielding variety and New Zealand B the lowest. It offers greater management flexibility than winter active varieties and excellent seedling vigour for quick establishment. The time of sowing normally depends on the rainfall and climate of the region. The introduction of new genetics provides persistence, additional drought tolerance and water use effciency over traditional Medicago sativa varieties of similar dormancy. Silage is an alternative means of retaining nutritional quality. • More persistent ‘grazing type’ Lucerne varieties are available for farmers who want to graze the crop regularly. Dodder (Cuscata) This parasitic plant has seed similar to lucerne and is difficult to remove from seed samples. Matching lucerne varieties to production goals. ... Alfalfa/Lucerne is grown in most temperate regions of the world. From lucerne for racehorses, to grass hay for ponies, and everything in between. Lucerne is a Perennial Summer Legume which is well adjusted to perform in almost all areas of South Africa. When to sow. 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