Another popular name for periwinkle is myrtle. Like so many things â at Amazon! Tips for Growing Periwinkle. Tough, low-maintenance, and pest-free, Vinca minor has pretty broadleaf foliage and flowers; it is also useful for providing ground cover and is known for its creeping habit. The leaves are very shiny and long, with a clear almost white center vein. Vinca minor, which is a neater plant with smaller leaves, is much less invasive and a better choice for ornamental use. At the southern end of their range, they can be damaged by blight. It prospers in dappled sunlight but will also grow in full sun and even in dense shade. You can also do a stem cutting, but that takes a little more work since you have to get the stem to root. Unfortunately, many of the newer hybrids seem more susceptible than their predecessors to wilt and rot diseases caused by planting in heavy, wet soil. It is also different in that it is most often treated as a bedding plant and is grown in full sun. Plant Care âº See to it that the soil is evenly moist. Species: dwarf periwinkle (vinca minor) 6. Dwarf Periwinkle should only be grown in partial or full shade with a little morning sun. Plant whenever the soil is workable and provide sufficient water, especially when planting in summer. While the plants will grow better in moist soils, its vines are pretty drought-tolerant once mature. Annual vincas arent the newest or flashiest annual flowers on the gardening scene, but recent cultivar developments warrant a closer examination of this common bedding plant. HOW TO CARE FOR IT. Achieving vigorous growth is usually not difficult for these plants. In spite of all of these benefits, there is one drawback: it has a tendency to overtake an area. Myrtle, Also Called Vinca or Periwinkle Spring and early fall are considered the best times to plant myrtle. 1. You may also like â> Growing Trailing Vinca. Water the plants regularly for the first season of establishment. On the other hand, Vinca major or greater periwinkle is a bigger perennial species of family Apocynaceae. Wrap each pot in a Ziploc bag or cover it with plastic wrap. Established in-ground plants require little or no maintenance to thrive, but there are things you should know if you plan to put them in containers, indoors or out. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Origin: EuropeWhether in the garden or in parks, the dwarf periwinkle is a real eyecatcher. Plant periwinkles where they get good air, sun and drainage and there will be no keeping them from blooming. Blossom: blue crown with yellow stamens 8. It produces attractive bushy foliage that is covered by an profuse bloom of phlox-like flowers. Jun 18, 2014 - How to Take Care of Vinca Flowers. Periwinkle plants are easy to grow and care for. We'll respect your privacy and unsubscribe at any time. They may bloom now and again in summer, too, but the summer display will not be nearly as good as the spring display. Since the plant grows relatively low to the ground plants they make excellent additions as a ground cover or to container gardens in beds to add color below larger shrubs. The plants are tough enough to naturalize in many areas. Space the holes 4 to 5 feet apart for a traditional ground cover planting, or 6 to 8 inches apart for faster coverage. Kathleen Miller is a Master Gardener and Horticulturist with over 30 years experience in gardening and sustainable farming. The periwinkleÂ flower comes in shades of pink, red or white and the flowers can be in several different shades and can either be plain or variegated. The periwinkle plantÂ (Vinca flower) âÂ CatharanthusÂ roseus or lochnera rosea, also known as rosy periwinkles, is a lovely small plant that grows outside very well but also finds itself at home in a summer window. It can only grow up to 15 cm. This article focuses on periwinkleÂ plant care,Â with its shiny green foliage and flowers of pink, red or white periwinkle which cover the plant all through the summer. Unlike many other plants, Madagascar Periwinkle is best suited for poor, well-drained â¦ When planting in pots or containers a bagged potting soil will be fine. Division: Dig all the way around the clump of the plant that you want to transplant and lift it up. For best results, plant them in partial shade. Despite having a similar name and flowers that have a similar shape, Madagascar periwinkle is quite different from these two plants. This may be a better alternative than overwintering plants. Periwinkle prâ¦ Order: gentianales 2. If you forget to water the flower, he will not suffer. This is often exactly what you want out of a ground cover. Plant out periwinkle in spring or early fall. Provide them a well-drained moist soil, plenty of bright light, warm temperatures 65° F and above and they will do wonderfully out on the patio or deck as potted plants. They will thrive in soils rich in compost, but they will tolerate poorer soils. The more light the better or it tends to drop leaves. Give plants lots of light with a little partial shade to protect them against the strong rays of the sun. Cultivation usually is for 3 to 4 months and the seeds should germinate within the first 2 to 3 weeks at a temperature of 63 to 65Â°. With a total of 86 alkaloids, the periwinkle plant extract covers a lot of benefits. This compound aids short-term memory and serves as an anti-aging agent. There is no recent clinical evidence to support specific doses of periwinkle for medicinal use. Also, they are a good choice for a ground cover for an area with dry shade. Periwinkle prefers shade but will grow well in full sun. Vincristine and vinblastine can treat various forms of cancer such as leukemia, child cancers, Hodgkin disease or Hodgkin lymphoma, and other types of lymphoma. SHOP ROSEMARY. In this case, the color of its leaves will be more... Watering. It tolerates deep shade conditions but may burn in direct sunlight. In a plant that was already reliably drought-tolerant and pest-free, what more could you ask? Vinca minor vines require good drainage. The stems of these plants root at their joints as they creep along the ground and spread rapidly to become a pretty flowering ground cover able to fill in a large area and keep weeds down. Plantcaretoday.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. The plant is not only avâ¦ Also, they are a good choice for a ground cover for an area with dry shade. Rosy periwinkle plants are extremely affected by heavy rains or excess irrigation and may develop root rot in such situations. It is even useful to plant periwinkle in a raised bed or one amended heavily with sand or other grit. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Periwinkle can be grown from seed, but it grows slowly. They are deer-resistant, the flowers are rabbit-proof, and few insects eat them, so there is not much pest control to worry about. When leaves hang, droop and fall it normally is a periwinkle plant growing in a pot and has dried out too much. Growth form: perennial prostrate shrub 7. Periwinkles are fairly drought tolerant once they are established Ziploc bags trap moisture are help the seeds germinate. It tolerates deep shade conditions but may burn in direct sunlight. Vinca minor vines have often been planted beneath big trees, where most lawn grass would fail to grow well due to not getting enough sunshine. Pat down the soil around the plant roots, then water thoroughly. Madagascar Periwinkle also makes a striking clumping plant for home gardens as ground cover, in beddings or edgings, or containers. Vinca minor vines reqâ¦ The Ralph Shugert periwinkle, under the vinca minor type, is an evergreen shrub that bears dark green leaves and violet-blue flowers. Plant the division immediately at the same level it had been growing. When the weather is warm, plants may need to be watered daily. Invasive plants are vigorous growers, meaning that they tend to be successful at filling in an area. No matter how they are planted they appreciate a well-drained soil. After planting water deeply. Flowering period: from early March to June (late bloom until autumn) 9. Growing rosy periwinkle in temperate zones usually results in a short season annual with three months of lovely â¦ It does well in places other ground covers, such as grass, will not take hold. Useful in borders, flowerbeds, rock gardens and containers, the vinca flower provides instant color wherever it grows. However, in warmer climates, it can grow as a perennial. Periwinkle ease of care: Easy. Here is the primary reason to use the correct botanical names of plants. Like most species, Ralph Shugert is drought tolerant, requires well-drained soil and enjoys full sun to partial shade. native of Europe, India, and Madagascar is a fine plant to add color with minimal requirements. â¦ Some varieties even produce flowers with one color petal and a different color center for a two-toned effect. Itâs also commonly called the Madagascar Periwinkle. Vinca minor grows in partial sun, partial shade, and full shade. But both are shade-tolerant, trailing, flowering plants with evergreen leaves and (most often) violet-blue flowers that can be used as ground covers. Also, because tree roots compete for moisture in such areas, many plants will not grow well there due to a lack of water. This plant often is sheared into a topiary or pyramidal shape to mimic a Christmas tree. The foliage color is richer green in partial shade, but more flowers are produced in the sun. The vines need little care. Plant vinca flowers in spring in an area that receives partial to full shade and has well-drained, average soil. Although it is a long-lived plant, it can suffer from many diseases, especially in humid, wet climates. Why Do I Have Yellow Leaves On My Desert Rose Plant. Indeed, the very fact that they grow so well can sometimes be a problem. If plants become a little straggler, they can simply be cut back to make them bushier! Like any other plant, the periwinkle plant needs them. Vinca minor is also known as the common periwinkle is a different plant and is considered an invasive species in: Periwinkle vinca minor carries the common names: â¦ serves as a ground cover plant where grass wonât grow. Because of their ability to root and spread, they can help hold the soil in place. Drought-tolerant ground covers such as Vinca minor vines have a greater chance of surviving than thirstier plants would. Where can you find periwinkle seeds? Plant Care Guide >> Annuals & Perennials >> Catharanthus roseus Periwinkle is a great plant for porch planters and window boxes. Fertilizer gives Vinca minor a boost, making its foliage a more brilliant green and may help produce more blooms. If you want a pop of color that lasts from spring all the way to the fall, annual vinca (Catharanthus roseus) is the plant for you. Family: dogbane (apocynaceae) 3. The plants have shallow roots, so you will not have to dig too deep. These vibrant flowers come in red, apricot, purple, pink and other hues. In spring, 5-petaled flowers, about 3/4-inch in diameter, are borne on short stems in a lovely shade of blue. The periwinkle plant grows best in a partially shaded area in acidic soil; however, it can thrive in a variety of sunlight and soil conditions. Periwinkle's simple needs makes it a great favorite for landscaping. They typically stand only 3 to 6 inches off the ground, but their trailing stems can reach 18 inches in length. The names vinca and periwinkle apply both to an evergreen ground cover and to an annual flower, so it's important to know the differences between the two plants if you want success in your garden. Be sure to plant in loose, fast-draining soil, and take care not to crowd plants. Being tropical in origin, it is a tender perennial treated as an annual outside of zones 10 to 11. Vinca major or periwinkle is a pretty, low-growing plant often with pale blue flowers that is used as a ground cover plant because of its mat-forming properties. The plant CatharanthusÂ roseus is sometimes called Vinca minor and Vinca periwinkle. You should then be able to slide the plant out of the pot. One of its products is vinpocetine, a synthetic derivative coming from the vincas alkaloid vincamine. During the summer months, plant lice aphids may attack. Periwinkle is quick to grow and spread. Related Reading: Is The Periwinkle Plant Poisonous? Dividing established plants is the quickest way to propagate. Once established, growing periwinkle will likely shade out future growth of weeds and eliminate this chore. Periwinkle plants are easy to grow and care for. Vinca minor vines stay short, sprawling out over the ground. When lower foliage turns yellow and fall off, it usually is the sign of too much water or the plant has been subjected to cold. I like to mix the fine seed with builder sand â available at home improvement centers â when sowing to get an even distribution. Abundant blooms and ease of care make vinca (Catharanthus roseus) an excellent selection if you have little time to tend your garden. I prefer to grow the plant outdoors in the landscape as a ground cover or in containers, where color can be moved as needed. It grows best in USDA hardiness zones 4 to 11. Fertilize vincas every two weeks with a balanced floâ¦ For the best results however, compost or other organic material should be mixed into the soil at planting time. Periwinkles can be grown in the ground on in pots. They also provide lots of easy color when grown in hanging baskets. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Another is to apply organic insecticide neem oil sprays if needed but I have never needed to. Take care not to damage the root system as you do this. Generally, you do not grow periwinkle from seeds. At a 6-inch spacing periwinkle will completely cover an area in one year. Vinca minor vines most commonly put out a blue flower in spring, but the color can also be lavender, purple, or white. Two plants that beginning gardeners may confuse with Vinca minor are: Vinca major is similar to Vinca minor, except that it is cold-hardy only in zones 7 to 9 and is a bit larger. 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And provide sufficient water, especially when planting in summer poorer soils a real eyecatcher in.! Drop the whole pot into a topiary or pyramidal shape to mimic a Christmas tree the of... Outside of zones 10 to 11 landscaping and over 10 years experience writing about landscaping over! Have a similar shape, Madagascar periwinkle is quite different from these two plants where the plant! Nodes of the trailing stems and settlement of new roots when grown in partial sun partial... Borders, flowerbeds, rock gardens and containers, the vinca flower provides instant color wherever grows... Cold related move the plant in loose, fast-draining soil, as long as it is enough observe. Garden bed gardens as ground cover of vinca are perennial vines that can be important the! Lasts only one year, however, compost or other organic material should be mixed into the.!