(a. There is an obvious fundamental difference between these two strategies: ex situ conservation involves the sampling, transfer, and storage of target taxa from the target area, whereas in situ conservation involves the designation, management, and monitoring of target taxa where they are encountered. The conservation of biodiversity is achieved by two approaches – in situ and ex situ. ADVERTISEMENTS: Biodiversity can be conserved in two main ways, in-situ conservation and ex-situ conservation. In situ and Ex situ Conservation Examples Published: January 11, 2016 In situ conservation means the conservation of ecosystems and natural habitats and the maintenance and recovery of viable populations of species in their natural surroundings and, in the case of domesticated or cultivated species, in the surroundings where they have developed their distinctive properties. There is an increasing need for a “one plan approach” for conservation strategies that integrate in-situ and ex-situ management processes. Different methods of In-situ conservation include biosphere reserves, national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, biodiversity hotspots, gene sanctuary, and sacred groves. What is Ex-situ Conservation? It is the conservation and protection of genetic resources of plant and animal species in their natural habitats itself. we save the entire forest to save the tiger. Conserving the areas where populations of species exist naturally is an underlying condition for the conservation of biodiversity. It deepens an analysis of in-situ and ex-situ conservation processes. In-Situ (natural home) 2.Ex-Situ (artificial home) Actual Question in CSAT 2011 (12.) In-situ conservation, the conservation of species in their natural habitats, is considered the most appropriate way of conserving biodiversity. The GSPC has five objectives with 16 updated targets to monitor progress and halt the loss of plant diversity, contributing to the wider CBD Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020. in situ conservation : it mean that the conservation of plants and animals in their natural environments ex situ conservation: conservation of animals and plants out side their natural habitats Ex-situ Conservation Strategies: The ex situ conservation strategies include: botanical gardens, zoological gardens, conservation stands and gene, pollen, seed, seedling, tissue culture and DNA banks. Strengthen ex-situ conservation through the creation and implementation of wildlife tenure and management centers, based on national and international guidelines, which contribute to the rehabilitation of wild species in support of in-situ conservation, and the promotion of an attitude of respect by humans for biodiversity and its components. In situ conservation 1. Also Read: National Parks and Sanctuaries. In Situ Conservation Methods. Conserving the areas where populations of species exist naturally is an underlying condition for the conservation of biodiversity. This process protects the inhabitants and ensures the sustainability of … Conserving the areas where populations of species exist naturally is an underlying condition for the conservation of biodiversity. Biodiversity Conservation: Strategy # 2. In situ and ex situ biodiversity conservation (Dullo, 2010) Difference between in situ and ex situ conservation 1) Definition of in situ and ex situ conservation. Biodiversity Strategy Action Plans. This is the first step to linking ex situ conservation to in situ conservation using community seedbanks as a medium. Biosphere Reserves These are national governments nominated sites, large areas (often up to 5000 square km) of an ecosystem where traditional lifestyle and natural habitat of the inhabitants of that ecosystem are protected. Find out the difference between In situ and Ex situ Conservation which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc. Ex-Situ Conservation Strategies: Such strategies include establishment of botanical gardens, zoos, conservation strands and gene, pollen, seed, seedling, tissue culture and DNA banks. It is the methods of conserving all the living species in the artful habitats that reflect their natural living habitats. In-situ conservation of biodiversity and protected areas. In situ strategies. 1. Biodiversity Conservation. When we conserve and protect the whole ecosystem, its biodiversity at all levels is protected.E.g. Zoological parks, botanical gardens and wildlife safari parks serve this purpose. Conserving biodiversity outside the areas where they naturally occur is known as ex situ conservation. Having copies at the national level adds an extra layer of protection against the loss of these important genetic resources in case of gaps in management, change in preferences and use by the local community and so on. Conservation is an ethic of resource use, allocation, and protection. Its conservation embraces maintenance, sustainable utilization, and restoration, of the lost and degraded biodiversity through two basic and complementary strategies called in situ and ex situ . [PGRFA]. This review analyzes the national biodiversity policies and describes the main strategies for biodiversity conservation in Ecuador, one of the “mega-diverse” countries in the world with the highest species density. Describe at least two approaches each for ex-situ conservation and in situ conservation as a strategy for biodiversity conservation. Sukriti Singh A0523113081 BTBM/13/242 2. This review analyzes the national biodiversity policies and describes the main strategies for biodiversity conservation in Ecuador, one of the “mega-diverse” countries in the world with the highest species density. Box 53. To continue the momentum for plant conservation, the second phase of the GSPC was implemented for the period 2011–2020. Although viable populations of some organisms can be maintained ex-situ either under cultivation or in captivity, these methods are far less effective than in-situ methods, and, generally, they are extremely costly. There are two Methods of biodiversity conservation. While FAO has conducted a review of in situ conservation needs for wild relatives of crop species, ... ex situ technologies have become increasingly useful as an adjunct to adjunct to on-site conservation and restoration efforts. Photo: ICARDA. Strategies for conservation of biodiversity - definition. It deepens an analysis of in-situ and ex-situ conservation processes. Ex situ seed conservation. Methods of Biodiversity Conservation. ← Prev Question Next Question → 0 votes Zoological parks, botanical gardens , wildlife safari parks and seed banks serve this purpose. In-situ conservation is the on-site conservation or the conservation of genetic resources in natural populations of plant or animal species, such as forest genetic resources in natural populations of Teagan species. In-situ conservation, the conservation of species in their natural habitats, is considered the most appropriate way of conserving biodiversity. In-situ conservation, the conservation of species in their natural habitats, is considered the most appropriate way of conserving biodiversity. Because of this fundamental difference, there is little overlap between the two strategies. Way # 1. Reintroduction of an animal or plant into the habitat from where it has become extinct is another form of ex situ conservation. It involves the location, sampling, transfer and storage of samples of the target taxa away from their native habitat to be conserved at … The decision whether or not to include ex situ management in the conservation strategy for a species should be determined by weighing the potential conservation benefit to the species against the likelihood of success and overall costs and risks of not only the proposed ex situ program, but also alternative conservation actions or inaction. The key difference between in-situ and ex-situ conservation is that the in-situ conservation is the conservation method that involves the conservation of species in their usual habitats while the ex-situ conservation is the conservation methods that involves species conservation elsewhere outside the natural habitat.. Conservation of biodiversity and genetic resources is an important phenomenon. Which one of the following is not a site for in-situ method of conservation of flora? Here, animals and plants are reared or cultivated in areas like zoological or botanical parks. The aim of in-situ conservation is to allow the population to maintain or perpetuate itself within the community environment, […] In-situ conservation of Biodiversity includes biosphere reserves, national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, etc. This approach is called in in-situ (on site) conservation. Ecuador has six clear policies for biodiversity conservation. Ex-situ conservation strategies: Such strategies include establishment of botanical gardens, zoos, conservation strands and gene, pollen seed, seedling, tissue culture and DNA banks. Ex situ seed conservation Ex situ conservation is the conservation of biological diversity outside their natural habitats. Ex situ Conservation In this approach, threatened animals and plants are taken out from their natural habitat and placed in special setting where they can be protected and given special care. INTRODUCTION In strategies of biodiversity conservation mainly two basic strategies have been proposed to ensure the future survival of endangered species. )Biosphere Reserve (b.) In recent years, however, the need for integrated conservation strategies for PGRFA based on the complementarity of in situ and ex situ approaches has become clear. In this type of conservation the threatened animals and plants are taken out from their natural habitat and placed in a special area or location where they can be protected and given special care. A. Ex-situ Conservation. Seed gene bank: This is easiest way to store the germ plasma of plants at low temperature. Zoological institutions contribute directly to threatened species conservation through paradigms, such as reintroduction, head-starting, supplementation, or rescue/rehabilitation/release. Its primary focus is upon maintaining the health of the natural world, its fisheries, habitats, and biological diversity. These facilities not only provide housing and care for endangered species, … In situ conservation complements ex situ conservation in several ways, by conserving crop evolutionary processes and by increasing the number and range of persons involved in the conservation effort. Ex situ conservation. IPGRI is unique among international organizations in its concern with the conservation and use of intra-specific genetic diversity. Seed gene banks make the easiest way to store germplasm of wild and cultivated plants at low temperature. In situ conservation. Refer to protected areas and/or reserves, seed banks, botanic gardens, zoos, sperm banks In Situ Conservation Methods Although in-situ conservation strategies provide the best long-term options for biodiversity conservation, the short-term survival of many threatened species depend on ex-situ conservation strategies. 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