Independent monitoring boards are responsible for the running of prisons and treatment of prisoners - for example, Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Prisons. Here they are: 1. To me Government means the protection, structure, security, and awareness for our nation. Moreover, the popular notions that “government is best that governs least” or that government is best that just protects individual rights to “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness” make it easier for privileged groups to use government for their purposes. These initiatives address housing, rehabilitation, domestic violence and employment. Government is associated with the act of governing a political unit and exercising authority over it. Related: 19 Best Political Books of All Time, Principal, Scioto Analysis | Master of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley Goldman School of Public Policy. The relevant government department is responsible for putting the act into practice. As a lawyer, my view of the government is probably more complicated than most would have. The term of office of the Governor General is usually five years, but it is sometimes extended up to seven years. In a speech at the Conservative Party conference … The battles that are birthed from that conflict are reflected in the process of government decision-making for budgets, policies, and programs. a branch or service of the supreme authority of a state or nation, taken as representing the whole: a dam built by the government. America’s diversity is its greatest strength and the deepest source for tension. Only the federal government can regulate interstate and foreign commerce, declare war and set taxing, spending and other national policies. Read more about the Prime Minister's Office, 10 Downing Street. But governments can also regulate the economy in more behind-the-scenes ways, like establishing property rights, issuing money, and regulating the stock market. Our government should also give us the best foundation for achieving freedom and happiness, but that requires equal opportunity and safety. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. Local government is often, but not necessarily, related to the former; local self-government to the latter. The government serves the interests of the ruling classes. He or she is the head of state, leader of the federal government, and Commander in Chief of th… Learn more about historic government buildings on Whitehall and around the UK. I think lots of people do not realize all of the things government does. Some departments, like the Ministry of Defence, cover the whole UK. Parliament is separate from government. Assistant Professor of Political Science, Southwestern Oklahoma State University. Disputes about the purpose of government stem from arguments about how far the government’s role in protecting and shaping the community should extend. For thousands of years of human history, the implicit or explicit purpose of government was to serve the interests of its rulers, be they monarchs, dictators, aristocracies, or ruling classes. Policymakers in a democracy are tasked with balancing these goals against each other and deciding what mixture of policies to adopt to achieve the above outcomes in ratios that its citizens support. This does include citizens being able to vote for different laws and leaders. But they rarely give a general answer. The main function of the U.S. federal government is creating and enforcing laws to ensure order and stability within society. The Government of the United Kingdom, formally and commonly referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Governments can make things worse by introducing perverse incentives for us to do things that are inefficient and idiotic. (21 Inspirational and Motivational Answers), Best Men’s Backpacks for Work, According to 7 Real Users, How to End a Professional Email (8 Expert Tips and Examples), What Are Traditional American Values? Many parts of England have 2 tiers of local government: county councils and district, borough or city councils. This is because some aspects of government are devolved to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. They usually have a regulatory or inspection function like the Charity Commission. The Cabinet is made up of the senior members of government. Any person acting in an official capacity for a Government regardless of rank or position. These are very often grand, and located in the country’s capital. The challenge of government and the citizenry is achieving a meaningful system of grassroots governance. FACEBOOK TWITTER LINKEDIN By Leslie Kramer. Find out more about how it has worked and who has shaped it in the history section. 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