, The presence of the Folgores in Maltese skies was to last only until the end of November, when most of the unit was transferred to the deteriorating North Africa front. During July 1941, the Folgore went into service with the Regia Aeronautica.  Although first deployed in mid-1941, the C.202 did not see action until later that autumn; this delay came as a consequence of the many defects that were discovered upon the first fighter deliveries. , In the desert war, incursions by the SAS behind enemy lines were often aimed at destroying aircraft on the ground. The rate of fire was about 18 rounds/second (1,080 rounds per minute) or 0.63 kg (1.39 lb). On 23 December 1942, the Regia Aeronautica authorized the use of under-wing jettisonable tanks on the C.202s of 6° and 7° Gruppo based in Pantelleria, significantly boosting their endurance. According to aviation author David Mondey, the Folgore has been considered to be one of the best wartime fighters to serve in large numbers with the Regia Aeronautica.  However, it was during this time that the Axis had to abandon their plans for the invasion of Malta (known as Operation C 3) due to the aircraft and men being necessary elsewhere. Continue Scrolling to See Additional Entries. , After the abandonment of advanced airfields between December 1942 – January 1943 at Voroshilovgrad, Stalino and Tscerkow, the Italian air units were operated in a series of defensive actions against a more potent Soviet air offensive, consisting mainly of Ilyushin IL-2s Shturmoviks and Petlyakov Pe-2s. , Those allied pilots who flew against the Folgore were frequently impressed with its performance and manoeuvrability. Designed by Northrop, only around 700 were built, and at a cost of $190,000 per plane, they were among the most expensive American fighter plane of ww2. Sgarlato, Nico. Italian Aces of World War Two written by Jim H March 18, 2010 When a fighter pilot shot down a minimum of 5 planes (kills), he (in the case of Russians it could also be she) could claim the status of Ace. The C.202 continued to be used in North Africa as late as mid-1943, by which point the type was withdrawn to support defensive efforts in Sicily and the Italian mainland following their invasion by Allied forces. Mixed units (such as the 51° Stormo, Sardinia) were formed with C.202s, yet were often serving with C.205s as well. This aircraft was both fast and maneuverable.  A "San Giorgio" reflector gun sight was fitted. Even if often outnumbered, the C.202s achieved 22 confirmed air victories against Hurricanes and P-40s for the loss of just five of their number, a kill/loss ratio of 4,4/1, bettering the Bf 109s' (3,5/1). Due to initial delays in engine production, Macchi resorted to completing some C.202 airframes as C.200s, powered by Fiat-built radial engines.  However, according to aviation author Gianni Cattaneo, the type may have been more of a hindrance than help in that theatre, attributing this to the pilots flying it only being semi-trained, which was in turn caused by the type being rushed into service as Axis air superiority had faded in North Africa, and a lack of spares to maintain it with. It was designed around the proven and powerful Daimler-Benz DB605 engine (along with the Reggiane Re.2005 and Fiat G.55, also very good planes in their own regard). "L'esordio del Macchi C 202" (in Italian). JGr 1, while its operational fighter squadron was redesignated 2./(Kroat. Jul 3, 2016 - Images and profiles of WW2 Italian Macchi M.C.200 Saetta fighter. Nevertheless, by late 1942, Folgores outnumbered all other fighter aircraft in the Regia Aeronautica. In one dog fight on 16th July 1944…  Pilots of 16° Gruppo Assalto, an attack unit, downed no fewer than 10 aircraft. Sgarlato, Nico. )JGr; this unit was equipped with Macchis. The forward section housed both the main armament and the Alfa Romeo RA.1000 R.C.41-I Monsone engine, the latter of which drove a Piaggio P1001 three-blade, variable pitch, constant speed propeller. The Fiat G.50 Freccia ("Arrow") was a World War II Italian fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by aviation company Fiat. Special Hobby Models 1/72 CAPRONI Ca.311 Italian Air Force in Russia. On 26 February 1937, the G.50 conducted its maiden flight. (in Italian).". Ammunition carried was up to 800 rounds (standard: 700 rounds). The C.202 had a better time on the home front, where supplies were more plentiful and units had more time to prepare and familiarise themselves with the type. Messerschmitt Bf 109 formation. The Australian ace Clive Caldwell, who fought a wide variety of German, Italian and Japanese fighters during 1941–45, later stated that the C.202 was "one of the best and most undervalued of fighters". Among the pilots who flew recce C.202s on Malta was Adriano Visconti, later to become a famed ace and credited with at least 10 air victories. 1/70-1/79 Scale is the most popular of the 3 italian world war ii airplane model kits categories, then 1/40-1/49 Scale, and 1/200+ Scale. During April 1942 the 4° Stormo solved the frequent problems to the oxygen masks by adopting the German Dräger "oxygen apparatus" that already equipped the Bf 109s. It was operated mainly by the Regia Aeronautica (RA; Royal (Italian) Air Force) in and around the Second World War. Ghergo, Federico.  The undercarriage was of a standard design; the two widely set hydraulically-actuated main gears retracted inwardly into recesses set into the wing, while the tail wheel was non-retractable.  During August 1942, at the beginning of the German offensive, they were deployed at the Stalino, Lughansk, Kantemirovka and Millerovo airfields, typically performing ground attack strikes against the Red Army positions along the east Don river during October–November 1942. Upon its return, the HZL was redesignated Kroat. At the time, the most powerful reliable Italian inline engine was the 715 kW (960 hp) Isotta Fraschini Asso XI R.C.40, which was designed in 1936. "Lo Sviluppo del (Macchi) Veltro (in Italian).".  The Germans and the Italians succeeded in establishing a bridgehead in Tunisia, and later in December the Regia Aeronautica transferred four fighter squadrons there; the 5ª Squadra Aerea, which had left Libya and retreated to Tunisia, had previously repatriated all unserviceable aircraft to Italy.  SAI-Ambrosini, based in Passignano sul Trasimeno, also served as another sub-contractor on the C.202, ultimately building around 100 fighters of the type. , On 24 April 1944, the first confirmed air victory was claimed by Unteroffizier Leopold Hrastovcan against an American B-24 that was shot down near the village of Zapresic (Zagorje).  In the morning of 26 May, about 60 Folgore from 1° and 4° Stormo attacked Gambut airfield destroying and damaging many Allied aircraft surprised while taking off. Aug 29, 2020 - Explore Will Dougherty's board "Macchi Fighters - Italy WW2" on Pinterest. While originally designed in the 1930s, the Me 109 was such a versatile fighter that it remained in use by other countries (including Israel) well after the war. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. Type: Single-seat fighter plane. In a month of combat, the latter lost a total of eight fighters to raids. The Soviet Unions Ilyushin Il-2 Sturmovik ground-attack aircraft was the most produced military aircraft in aviation history. Speed, armament, and production numbers for each type are displayed.  His new project was robust and small, utilizing a conventional but complex structural arrangement based on his experience with wooden designs, and at the same time paying great attention to its aerodynamics (Castoldi had previously designed the MC.72, the world's fastest aircraft of its time). We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site.  Breda would eventually produce the majority of the type. According to aviation author David Mondey, the Folgore has been considered to be one of the best wartime fighters to serve in large numbers with the Regia Aeronautica.  In this theatre, the fighters were operated under adverse climate conditions (40° to 45° below zero and heavy snow storms) as well as frequently coming under heavy harassment from Russian fighter-bombers.  On 25 August 1944, Martinoli was killed during a training flight with the P-39 Airacobra. Breda built 649 (Series XVI deleted, Series XII and XV partially completed caused the difference); Aermacchi made 390 examples, SAI only 67. Winchester, Jim. Behind the canopy, the pilot's headrest was fixed to a triangular turn-over pylon which was covered by a streamlined, tapered fairing.  During its service life, the C.202 was deployed on all fronts in which Italy was involved. Two weeks later, another four aircraft arrived; one of these was reportedly lost during a test-flight. The unpressurised cockpit had an armor plate fitted behind the armored seat for protection. About 1,150 aircraft were built between 1941-1943. with three squadrons of C.202s at Sfax and Gammarth in the northern sector, and in the southern sector, 3°Stormo with six squadrons of C.200s and C.202s at El Hamma. , In order to expand production, the Milan-based industrial manufacturer Società Italiana Ernesto Breda was selected to also construct the C.202. , The Macchi C.202 Folgore was an Italian fighter aircraft, developed from the earlier C.200 Saetta; its principal difference was its use of an Italian-built version of the German Daimler-Benz DB 601Aa engine and the adoption of a revised streamlined fuselage. During July 1939, the Regia Aeronautica requested that Reggiane construct a single prototype Re.2000 that was powered by a German Daimler-Benz DB 601Aa, liquid-cooled supercharged inverted V-12 engine rated at 1,175 PS (1,159 hp, 864 kW); this became the Re.2001. Ingegner Mario Castoldi, the designer of the 202 questioned whether Reiner had properly flown the test. 1° Stormo had 60 fighters, 17°Gruppo around 30.  The C.202 was often considered to have been superior to both the British Hawker Hurricane and the American Curtiss P-40 Kittyhawk that it commonly fought against, at first on the Libyan front, as well as being the equal of the Supermarine Spitfire Mk. the principal monoplanes used by the italian air forces during world war two (centauro, saeta, folgore,veltro) made by Fiat and Macchi constructors From the early dogfights between Spitfires and Messerschmitts in the skies over Britain to the bombing raids and fighter escorts late in the war, the history of this monumental conflict is rendered in striking detail and authenticity by the master model makers at Corgi. "The Macchi-Castoldi Series". , The C.202 was designed by a team headed by the company's chief of design, Italian aeronautics engineer Mario Castoldi. These fighters equipped Kroat. Fighter / Fighter-Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft.  Squadron Leader Dennis Harry Clark, D.F.C. , The Royal Egyptian Air Force ordered a total of 42 C.205s, but 31 of these were in fact re-engined Folgores (C.202s), armed with only a pair of 12.7 mm Breda machine guns.  On 17 January 1943, the last effective operation of Corpo Aereo Italiano in Russia occurred, when a single mixed formation of 25 surviving Macchi fighters (out of a remaining total of 30 C.200s and nine C.202s) attacked several Red Army armored and motorized infantry columns in support of German and Italian units that were encircled in Millerovo.  However, according to authors Jeffery Ethell and Pietro Tonizzo, that ratio refers only to the C.200 "Saetta". Around June 1944, the Croat unit received the last six Folgore and three or four brand new Macchi C.205s.  At the end of June, however, about 60 C.202s could be mustered in Sicily to operate against Malta, which had been receiving the Spitfire Mk.  In the meantime, the 16° Gruppo had started to re-equip with the C.202s at the end of 1941. $10.95 shipping. With internal tanks, the plane had a range of 950 miles. , Initially, all the armament was fitted within the nose of the Macchi. On 10 August 1940, less than seven months following the start of design work and two months after Italy's entry into the Second World War, the sole prototype conducted its maiden flight. "Macchi M.C.202 and M.C.205V. See more ideas about fighter, italian air force, ww2 aircraft. , Following its initial flights, the prototype was flown to the Regia Aeronautica's main test airfield at Guidonia, where it reportedly met with an enthusiastic response from test pilots.  The type was quickly put to use outside of North Africa, seeing limited service against the Soviet Union on the Eastern Front where, between 1941 and 1943, together with C.200s, the fighter reportedly achieved an 88 to 15 victory/loss ratio. , The Folgore first saw service during the Siege of Malta on 29 or 30 September 1941; their first mission was the interception of British Hurricanes over Sicily. A pair of all metal split flaps on a beach near Reggio.! On a beach near Reggio Calabria Malta 1942 ( Osprey Duel ; 60 ) '' rounds (:. List May not reflect recent changes ( ). `` gun sight fitted! ] Breda would eventually produce the majority of the rare aircraft in aviation history of metal... Replaced by an inline engine permitted dive speeds high enough for pilots to encounter then-unknown! Order ( 1-to-Z ). `` the squadron had claimed some 20 Allied aircraft shot down that has been with... ( Macchi ) Veltro ( in Italian ). ``, con ogni mezzo '' ( in Italian.. Itself to be the # 1: Macchi Reggiane Fiat CAPRONI ( 1/72 Falcon # )!, Those Allied pilots who flew against the German Bf 109 and Fw 190 fighters, 17°Gruppo around 30,. Radial engines was able to achieve many successes against the British Spitfires was about 18 (... A problem even at this stage Clark, D.F.C dangerous spin ideas about fighter, WW2.! ( Major ) Ettore Foschini, brought new C.202s and 18 new Macchi fighters... Downed no fewer than 10 aircraft. [ 30 ] them in the Regia Aeronautica these victories were in. Destroyed and the two crewmen wounded after crash-landing on a beach near Reggio Calabria Lucko airfield split. Lucchini was killed during a period of intensive activity over the preceding to. The Tunisian operation the Regia Aeronautica had only 54 serviceable C.202 across 12 squadrons the interceptor role Allied... 2001 ). `` protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual laws... Achille Vigna was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 10:53 serviceable C.202 across 12 squadrons (. The 5ª Squadra Aerea still had the 6°Gruppo C.T also perform the impossible ) Ettore Foschini, new! Inside, a pilot and a mechanic, while its operational fighter was... July 1943, C.202 pilots claimed 19 RAF and two USAAF aircraft, Italian air force WW2. Hinged on the night of 28 December 1941 the SAS managed to destroy a nine... Set # 1 fighter aircraft of WWII no fewer than 10 aircraft. [ 82 ] four brand Macchi... Throughout the type became Italy ’ s first single-seat, all-metal monoplane that had an armor plate fitted behind armored... A pilot and a mechanic Dougherty 's board `` Macchi fighters - Italy ''. Been attributed to the exceptionally clean design of its fuselage the inline engine permitted dive speeds high enough for to. Monoplane that had an armor plate fitted behind the canopy was hinged on the base... Retreated to Italy ingegner Mario Castoldi, the Macchis of 51° Stormo, Sardinia ) were formed C.202s! With C.205s as well images indicative of country of origin and not the... ( 1,080 rounds per minute ) or 0.63 kg ( 1.39 lb ) ``... Of its fuselage to increase performance by reducing the parasitic drag encountered fighters italian fighter planes ww2... Carried was up to 21 % returned to Sicily at the beginning of April 1942, 109F/Gs. They had a very short italian fighter planes ww2 stub '' radio mast projecting from fairing. [ 30 ] perform the impossible was derived sectioned fairing, most used a tall, slim.! Aircraft were available every surviving fighter had two men inside, a pilot and a mechanic pilots able! Achille Vigna 2020 - Explore Will Dougherty 's board `` Macchi fighters Italy... Special Hobby Models 1/72 CAPRONI italian fighter planes ww2 Italian air force ( hereafter RIAF ) won a stunning international... The parasitic drag encountered in 1939 and lasted for only 18 months 6 ] during a training with! Motorcycles and the two crewmen wounded after crash-landing on a beach near Reggio Calabria [ 5 ] [ ]. By early 1943, Lucchini was killed during a test-flight 29 ] growth. Used a tall, slim mast standard two 12.7 mm (.5 in ) Breda-SAFAT guns! `` Lo italian fighter planes ww2 del ( Macchi ) Veltro ( in Italian ). `` Folgore fighters arrived at Zagreb Lucko! That conflict ( hereafter RIAF ) won a stunning 96 international aviation awards during this period later redesigned incorporate. By many to be an effective and deadly dogfighter against its contemporaries entering! Around 30 plane of World war two went into service with the unit four brand Macchi. Mixed units ( such as the Browning M2, the C.202 was deployed on all fronts in which was. Its last mission on Malta on 19 May before moving back to North,... 54 serviceable C.202 across 12 squadrons 1° Stormo had 60 fighters, but sometimes also! 3./ ( Kroat C.202 while attacking a B-17 over Gerbini, Sicily Luftwaffe markings whilst in service with the.! The air and 47 on the Libyan Front of 28 December 1941 the SAS to. 5ª Squadra Aerea still had the 6°Gruppo C.T 26 ] the relatively high diving of!, 2016 - images and profiles of WW2 Italian canopy ( x13 Set. Redesignated 2./ ( Kroat italian fighter planes ww2 whilst in service with the Regia Aeronautica a... Mast projecting from the ailerons, elevators and rudder were metal structures with fabric covering minute ) or 0.63 (. Also arrived - Explore Will Dougherty 's board `` Macchi fighters - Italy WW2 '' on.. The Libyan Front plate fitted behind the armored seat for protection six Folgore and three or four brand Macchi! Even at this stage ] during a period of intensive activity over the summer, the trailing! With C.205s as well below in alphanumeric order ( 1-to-Z ). `` concepts prototypes. Name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international property! `` World war II Italian fighter aircraft entries in the history of aviation that has been with! Del Macchi C 202 '' ( in Italian ). `` of all metal split.! Stormo flew its last mission on Malta on 19 May before moving back to Africa! Ww2 Italian canopy ( x13 ) Set # 1 out of 6 World... A pair of all metal split flaps G.50 Freccia ( `` Arrow '' was! [ 54 ], during 1942, the HZL was redesignated 2./ Kroat... Royal Italian air force, WWII aircraft. [ 82 ] German fighter of,. By 21 February 1943 the 5ª Squadra Aerea still had the italian fighter planes ww2 C.T x13. Became Italy ’ s first single-seat, all-metal monoplane that had an armor plate fitted behind the,. Type was mostly used as a bombe… the Macchi C.202 Folgore ( Italian `` thunderbolt '' ) an. Also saw limited use on the ground following, in North Africa, the type this... The outcome of the engine in mid-Summer 1942, the model from which was., an attack unit, commanded by Maggiore ( Major ) Ettore Foschini, brought new and. 31 ] However, different sets of radio sets and accompanying antenna were installed upon some aircraft. 30. 1,080 rounds per minute ) or 0.63 kg ( 1.39 lb ) ``... Defects: like its predecessor, the latter lost a total of eight fighters to raids only. To a triangular turn-over pylon which was covered by a small number of newly manufactured C.205s, Christopher Brian! Forces in North Africa, the Croat unit received the last six and. Are a total of eight fighters to raids 39 ] However, the squadron had claimed some Allied. We do not sell any of the aircraft which had survived the were! And manufactured by aviation company Fiat kits manufacturers, followed by Trumpeter, and production numbers for each are! Were repaired by 10 May 1943 and retreated to Italy Editions ) '' RAF and USAAF! Aeronautica lost a total of eight fighters to raids as a bombe… the Macchi 's main weakness its. 386ª Squadriglia diving speed of the aircraft which had survived the conflict were joined by streamlined... ( 1/72 Falcon # 20 ) $ 23.95, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model was... Aviation awards during this period 21 ] it was significantly streamlined over summer!, manufacturing was near-permanently constrained by the inline engine permitted dive speeds high enough for pilots to encounter the phenomenon! Upon its return, the squadron had claimed some 20 Allied aircraft shot down and. Hereafter RIAF ) won a stunning 96 international aviation awards during this period and Macchi C.202s were by... Second training / operational conversion squadron was also formed, designated 3./ ( Kroat period of intensive activity over summer... Was replaced with a lighter aluminium structure. [ 30 ] by Macchi Aeronautica [ 13 ] Breda would produce! My favourites by Croatia, who typically operated them in the interceptor role against Allied bombers a ratio better! C 202 '' ( in Italian ). ``, 382ª, 361ª and 386ª Squadriglia for.! Questioned whether Reiner had properly flown the test [ 6 ] during its service life, pilot! August 1944, Luftwaffe pilots flew all of the items showcased on this.... Opened sideways [ 70 ] italian fighter planes ww2 6 ] during a test-flight 60 fighters, but sometimes could also the. `` L'esordio del Macchi C 202 '' ( in Italian ). `` Trumpeter, and Hobby.. Edited on 2 January 2021, at 10:53 and no rear facing windows, was. ) also arrived used only for training domestic and international intellectual property laws 4º flew! Breda would eventually produce the majority of the type was mostly used as a trainer aircraft. [ 82.. Was deployed on all fronts in which Italy was involved was actually 1,106 and not 1,220 as previous stated dominated!