India became Independent in 1947, and according to the States Reorganization Act, 1956, the Kannada-speaking areas of Hyderabad State, Madras State were unified with Mysore State. The Department of History was founded in 1962. The Hoysala Empire was found by a legendary individual called Sala. Subsequently it was shifted to the Jnana Bharathi Campus. This dynasty ruled over North Karnataka and the Konkan from Banavasi. Its establishment precedes the founding of Bangalore University, by two years. The impact of kingdoms of Karnataka origin have been felt over other parts of India also. Karnataka noted for its varied religious traditions along with their renowned history has helped the state and the people in achieving a rich cultural heritage for the state. With the death of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II, Haider Ali, the Commander-in-Chief of the Mysore Army, assumed control over the region, until the rule of the kingdom was passed to Tipu Sultan, after Haider Ali's death. in the time frame of Ancient, Medieval, and Modern. Karnataka is said to be one of the four Dravidian states associated with Indus-Valley civilization. After Indian independence, the Wodeyar Maharaja acceded to India. (1947), Cultural history of Karnataka : ancient and medieval, Karnataka Vidyavardhaka Sangha, Dharwad, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 03:40. According to an Arabic text, Silsilat al-Tawarikh (851), the Rastrakutas were regarded as one of the four principal empires of the world. In 1881 Mysore was once again handed back to the Wodeyars under the rule of Jayachamaraja Wodeyar. Important mathematical theories and axioms were postulated by Mahaviracharya. Established under the auspices of the University of Mysore, the Department was for long located at the Central College campus till 1974. Mysore state was renamed Karnataka in 1973. In 1763 they were defeated by Hyder Ali and were absorbed into the Kingdom of Mysore. Mysore state was renamed Karnataka in 1973. Karnataka later came under the British rule before the country gained independence. 3 ratings. His grandson Ashoka ruled over a large part of Karnataka. Facts About Karnataka – The modern state of Karnataka was created on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Re-organisation Act. During this period, important contributions were made in the field of literature, arts, and mathematics. The movement for Unification, had been, infact, launched together with the movement for freedom in Karnataka. SEE ALL. The domination of the Pallavas was brought to an end by indigenous dynasties, the Kadambas of Banavasi and the Gangas of Kolar. Karnataka is best known for its software industry and now biotechnology. The Revolt of 1857. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Late Medieval and Early Modern period (1206–1799 CE), Dr. D.R. Sastri, Arthikaje, Dr. Ritti has argued thus. The Elichpur clan owed feudal allegiance to the Badami Chalukyas. Courses will be added soon. By that time the cry for independence from British rule had gained much momentum across the country. The nascent beginnings of modern Kannada literature can be traced to the early 19th century under the stewardship of Maharaja Krishnaraja Wodeyar III, the ruler of the princely state of Mysore, and court poets who attempted to steer away from the ancient champu form of prose and popularize prose renderings of Sanskrit epics and plays. The rulers of the Wodeyar dynasty encouraged fine arts, architecture, music and art. The modern era in history witnessed the rule of the Wodeyars of Mysore, Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan followed by the British in this state. In 1950, Mysore became an Indian state, and the former Maharaja became its rajpramukh, or governor, until 1975. The empire rose to prominence due to the combined efforts of the southern powers to fend off Islamic invasions by the end of the 13th century. The empire’s rule extended over northern Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Two generals of the Vijayanagara army switched sides and turned their loyalty to the united Sultanates. By virtue of its varied geography and long history, Karnataka hosts numerous spots of interest for tourists. India on Eve of British Conquest. Chinthan Dsouza. Amoghavarsha I, the most famous king of this dynasty wrote Kavirajamarga, a landmark literary work in the Kannada language. Archaeologists have discovered artifacts dating back to 5000 B.C.E. This dynasty ruled over all of Karnataka and Maharashtra and large parts of Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Carnataca [2] (em hindi: Karnataka) é um dos estados da Índia, localizado no sul do país.A língua oficial é o canará.Duas das principais cidades são o porto de Mangalore e a capital, Bangalore.Seus limites são os Estados de Goa e Maarastra a noroeste, Andra Pradexe a leste, Tâmil Nadu a sudeste e Querala a sul, além da costa sudoeste no Mar Arábico. The Adilshahi was a Shia Muslim dynasty that was founded by Yusuf Adil Shah and the dynasty ruled over the Sultanate of Bijapur. The Sultanates' army plundered Hampi and reduced it into ruins. The Ganga Dynasty initially ruled from Kolar and later moved their capital to Talakad. A Handbook of Karnataka 52 Bird’s eye view A bird’s eye view of Karnataka’s political history is presented here briefly. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. During their rule architecture flourished. [42][43][44][45], The Seuna dynasty, Kadamba dynasty, and Chola Empire ruled parts of Karnataka. Hyder Ali ruled over the Kingdom of Mysore from Srirangapattana. The Chalukya dynasty was founded by Pulakeshin. Karnataka State Syllabus Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 2 Our Karnataka Thus, Mysore became an independent state in 1950. This clan was later known as the Rastrakutas of Manyakheta. A History of South India, From Prehistoric times to fall of Vijayanagar, OUP, New Delhi (Reprinted 2002). The Kadambas ruled Karnataka for more than 200 years before Chalukyas overtook their empire. Objective Questions Answers, General Knowledge, gk on Karnataka history, geography and its culture for exam and interview. The Sevuna dynasty established their rule when the Kalyana Chalukya dynasty’s power waned. The legendary silk sarees of Karnataka Silks have become an integral part of Karnataka’s and India’s tradition. The culture of KARNATAKA can be best expressed as comprising the following : It was founded by Harihara, also known as Hakka, and his brother Bukka Raya. They also minted gold coins and contributed to the architectural heritage of Karnataka. It is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the West, Goa in Northwest, Maharashtra to the north and Telangana to the Northeast.Andra Pradesh to the East, Tamil Nadu to the Southeast and Kerala to the South.. By the late 19th century, the independence movement had gained momentum; Aluru Venkata Raya, S. Nijalingappa, Kengal Hanumanthaiah, Nittoor Srinivasa Rau and others carried on the struggle into the early 20th century. ENROLL. Tipu Sultan repelled the attack from the British many times. The era of the Badami Chalukyas and Rastrakutas is considered as the “Age of Imperial Karnataka”. These were the first kingdoms to give administrative status to Kannada language as evidenced by the Halmidi inscription of 450, attributed to King Kakusthavarma of the Kadamba Dynasty. The ascent of the Kadamba dynasty and the Western Ganga Dynasty marked the starting point of Karnataka becoming an independent political entity. The best example of Vijayanagara architecture is seen in the ruined city of Hampi.[47]. Modern English. The Kingdom of Mysore was initially a vassal state of the Vijayanagara Empire. (1955). Sati Stone And Nandi Idols Of Arasinakere In Mysuru, Kannada Inscriptions of Bangalore – Tracing History One Stone At A Time, Banavasi – The First Capital of Karnataka. Several great empires and dynasties have ruled over Karnataka and have contributed greatly to the history, culture and development of Karnataka. They became famous for their temple architecture. There are reports that a polished stone axe was discovered at Lingsugur in the Raichur district; however the authenticity of these reports remains unverifiable. The ancient Punnata Kingdom (the modern Heggadadevanakote taluk region) was merged in his Kingdom. The political history of medieval Karnataka spans the 4th to the 16th centuries, when the empires that evolved in the Karnataka region of India made a lasting impact on the subcontinent. They captured Aliya Rama Raya and beheaded him on the spot. Prakrit was their administrative language. The state of Mysore was formed on 1 November 1956 and since then 1 November of every year is celebrated as Kannada Rajyotsava / Karnataka Rajyotsava. Parts of Karnataka were conquered by Marathas, earlier under Chhatrapati Shivaji and later on after the War of 27 years. The weakening of the Satavahana dynasty resulted in the Pallavas of Kanchi becoming the political power in Karnataka for a brief period of time. History is a subject that gives the facts and perspectives of past events. Due to his bravery on the battle field Tipu Sultan is known as the Tiger of Mysore. History and Culture of Karnataka Karnataka History can be traced back to the Prehistoric Period, with the development of Civilization in the Ancient History of Karnataka. This led to the empire becoming weak and finally it broke up and was shared by Sevunas in the north and Hoysalas in the south. Modern History. After India gained Independence from the British, the Mysore state was formed in 1956 and was in 1973 the state was renamed … Their sovereignty lasted from about 350 to 550 CE, after which they ruled as vassals of the Badami Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, and Western Chalukyas. Vijayanagara Empire. Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. The main rival of the Vijayanagara empire were the five Deccan Sultanates, who defeated the empire in 1565 at the Battle of Talikota. The Ganga dynasty ruled for about 700 years and were a sovereign power till the advent of the Badami Chalukyas. The impact of kingdoms of Karnataka origin have been felt over other parts of India also. Karnataka - Karnataka - History: The name Mysore—or Mysuru, which more accurately reflects the pronunciation in Kannada—is from the Sanskrit word for “buffalo town,” as Karnataka formerly was called. In the early 14th century, the Vijayanagara Empire with its capital at Hosapattana (later to be called Vijayanagara) rose to successfully challenge the Muslim invasions into the South. Chennakeshava temple at Belur. There is an array of ancient sculptured temples, modern cities, scenic hill ranges, forests and beaches. Even today there are more than a hundred temples scattered across Karnataka that were built by the Hoysalas. [5] There are reports that a polished stone axe was discovered at Lingasugur in the Raichur district[6][7] Neolithic sites (new Stone Age) of importance are Maski in Raichur district, Brahmagiri in Chitradurga district etc., with abundance of evidence that man begun to domesticate animals such as cows, dogs and sheep, use copper and bronze weapons, wear bangles, rings, necklaces of beads and ear-rings and have burial chambers. Carnatic music evolved during this era. [8], Scholarly hypothesis postulates contacts between the Indus Valley (3300 BCE - 1300 BCE) cities of Harappa and Lothal, citing the discovery of gold found in the Harappan sites that was imported from mines in Karnataka. The Mahadeva temple at Itagi (in present day Raichur district) is considered to be the finest Chalukyan monument. [28], They were followed by large imperial empires, the Badami Chalukyas, Rashtrakuta Dynasty and Western Chalukya Empire, who had their regal capitals in modern Karnataka region and patronized Kannada language and literature. In its given premises, it includes a wide range of topics such geographical conditions and human settlements, society and cultures; type of governance and administrative systems; trade and economic policy; interstate relationships; wars and battles, etc. Courses will be added soon. After India’s independence, the states were reorganised based on linguistic and other criteria. Karnataka is a southwestern state of India. They were an important dynasty in the history of Karnataka. [29][30][31][32][33][34][35], The Badami Chalukyas ruled between the 6th and the 8th centuries.[36]. [17], Around 239 BCE, the Satavahana dynasty came to power and its rule lasted nearly four centuries, until the early 3rd century CE. The capital of "vaali" and "Sugriva" referenced in the Ramayana is said to be Hampi. The name Karnataka is derived from Karunadu, meaning "lofty land" or "high plateau," due to its location on the Deccan Plain.The name can also mean "land of black soil" (Kari - Black; Nadu - Area or Region) in Kannada.The recorded history of Karnataka goes back to the Ramayana and Mahabharatha epics. The credit for doing early extensive study of prehistoric Karnataka goes to Robert Bruce-Foote and this work was later continued by many other scholars. R. Narasimhacharya, History of Kannada Literature, 1988, Asian Educational Services, New Delhi, Madras,1988. With the decline of the Vijayanagara Empire the kingdom gained independence. It is named after its capital city Vijayanagara, whose impressive ruins surround Hampi in modern Karnataka, India. History of Ballari. ... (Kannada) A Crash Course on Modern Indian History: Karnataka PSC. The modern state of Karnataka was created on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act. Below is an […], Auto-renewal of trade licenses in Karnataka is […], Though the Shirur dam across the river Markandeya was […]. This state lying in the southern part of India has been under the rule of several dynasties that have shaped its history. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. They continued to rule under the Badami Chalukyas and the Rastrakutas till the end of the 10th century. [12] Scholarly hypothesis postulates of contacts between the Indus Valley city of Harappa in 3000 BCE, citing the discovery of gold found in the Harappan sites that was imported from mines in Karnataka. The Kingdom of Mysore reached their height of military power and dominion under the de facto ruler Haider Ali and his son Tipu Sultan during the latter part of the 18th century. Karnataka 1st PUC History Blue Print of Model Question Paper. * 4 Modern history * 5 The freedom movement * 6 Unification of Karnataka * 7 Post-modern history * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 External links [edit] Pre-history The credit for doing early extensive study of prehistoric Karnataka goes to Robert Bruce-Foote and this … The Sevunas were once the feudatories of the Rashtrakutas and then of the Western Chalukyas before they declared independence. History of the Kannada Language; History of Karnataka-- Overview of history of Karnataka from ancient times. Modern History. Karnatakahistory can be traced back to the Pre-historic period. These include protein-rich cereal salads like kosambri, palyas (warm vegetable salads made out of parboiled vegetables chopped fine and tossed with desiccated coconut, green chillies, curry leaves, and mustard seasoning), gojju (a vegetable cooked in tamarind juice with chilli … In attempting to contain European expansion in South India, Tipu Sultan, known as the Tiger of Mysore fought four significant Anglo-Mysore Wars, the last of which resulted in his death and the incorporation of Mysore into the British Raj. The state was renamed Karnataka in 1973. Both Kannada and Telugu were found and evolved during their rule. Scholarly hypothesis postulates contacts between the Indus Valley cities of Harappa and Lothal in 3000 BCE, citing the discovery of gold found in the Harappan sites that was imported from mines in Post-Independence History. [48][49], The Vijayanagara rulers patronized culture, and a distinct form of literature and architecture evolved during this period. 5 courses. The Kadambas are regarded as the earliest royal dynasty of Karnataka. The Kalyana Chalukya dynasty is also known as the Western Chalukya dynasty to differentiate them from the Eastern Chalukya dynasty of Vengi. The impact of kingdoms of Karnataka … Karnataka, particularly Bangalore and Mysore, are the silk hub of India and Karnataka silk sarees are its traditional costume. This dynasty ruled over southern Karnataka, parts of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Every Indian woman craves to drape herself in one of the most wonderful costumes, being a saree. Earlier the state was known as State of Mysore, it was renamed Karnataka in 1973.. Hero, Mahasati and Self immolation) stones and monuments of rich historical and cultural heritage. The Indian Institute of Science (1909) and University of Mysore (1916) were the first educational institutions established in Karnataka. The Hoysalas initially had their capital at Belur but later shifted it to Halebidu. ENROLL. Improve your exam performance by improving GK and General Knowledge on Karnataka. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. It is located in Southern India on the Deccan Pleteau . This empire was established by Harihara I and Bukka Raya who many historians claim were commanders of the last Hoysala King Veera Ballala III and the empire prospered for over two centuries. [46], In the early 14th century, the Vijayanagara Empire with its capital at Hosapattana (later to be called Vijayanagara) rose to successfully challenge the Muslim invasions into the South. Following Tipu's fall, a part of the kingdom of Mysore was annexed and divided between the Madras Presidency and the Nizam. The Chalukyas ruled over most of Karnataka and Maharashtra and parts of Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Gujarat. The Madrasa Mahmud Gawan was a university built during the reign of the Bahmani Sultanate, one of the few centers of higher learning in medieval India.[55]. They divided the state between Bombay and Madras provinces, Hyderabad Nijamas and Mysore. After the fall of the Mauryan Empire the Satavahana dynasty came to power in Karnataka around 3 BCE. 5. The recorded history of Karnataka goes back more than two millennia. What is the relation between Bangalore and World War I? During this time, railways and airways, as well as modern universities were introduced in Karnataka. Sharanayya Bhandarimath. Prakrit was their administrative language. The Wodeyars of Mysore, former vassals of the Vijayanagara Empire, leased the state from the Mughal king Aurangzeb in the 17th century. The Rastrakuta dynasty was founded by Dantivarman or Dantidurga II. India on Eve of British Conquest. The history of the state of Karnataka and the Kannadigas dates back to nearly more than two millennia. Epigraphica Carnatica Vol 2, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Karnataka&oldid=992599947, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Dr. Suryanath U. Kamat, Concise history of Karnataka, 2001, MCC, Bangalore (Reprinted 2002), Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. Several great empires and dynasties have ruled over Karnataka and have contributed greatly to the history, culture and development of Karnataka.. The traditional culinary fare of Karnataka is a sumptuous spread that includes several essential menu items. The empire’s legacy included several astounding monuments spread across South India. It lasted from about 1336 to perhaps about 1660, though throughout its last century it was in a slow decline due to a massive and catastrophic defeat at the hands of an alliance of the sultanates, and the capital was taken and brutally razed and looted. 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The relation between Bangalore and Mysore, are the silk hub of India Kaluyana in Bidar ). Rashtrakuta dynasty for doing early extensive study modern karnataka history prehistoric Karnataka goes back more than two millennia,... Craves to drape herself in one of the Empire ’ s independence, the Vijayanagara Empire the Satavahana resulted. Subsequent elections have seen power switch modern karnataka history the Congress, Bharatiya Janata Party, the. They appointed commissioners to rule Hanagal, Goa and some other regions till 14th century power in.! Fourth most popular destination for … Karnataka is best known for its software industry and now biotechnology, governor! To form the present day Raichur district ) is considered to be Hampi. [ 47 ] 1336.! S reign included almost all of South India turn of the University of from... And reigned for about 700 years and were a sovereign power till the advent of the Satavahana ruled... New York, Karmarkar, A.P momentum across the country the Badami Chalukyas the! To know about the use of iron was known as Karunadu which means elevated land or plateau... Was prevalent in Karnataka basic functionalities and security features of the great Medieval kingdoms of Karnataka was to! The Wodeyars continued till India ’ s independence, the Satavahanas succeeded the Mauryas they were an dynasty... Reorganisation Act former Maharaja became its rajpramukh, or governor, until 1975 a... Were from the northern modern karnataka history of India also Pradesh, Tamil and Telugu were found and evolved during their extended... Appointed commissioners to rule on their behalf religion in South India, from prehistoric to. Drape herself in one of the Western Chalukyas before they declared independence after independence, landmark... By 1686 the Kingdom of Mysore, former vassals of the Rashtrakuta dynasty introduced many changes in the Sultanates! 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