Eighteen former Confederate soldiers served as college presidents including Lee. Gen. E. Porter Alexander was appointed by President Grover Cleveland to arbitrate and supervise the surveying of the boundary of the Panama Canal. Civil War Soldiers' Stories Portrait of a Federal soldier, between 1860 and 1864 Civil War. Armies were disbanded and regiments mustered out of service. Like so many things associated with the Civil War, the reasons are complicated. Like any war, the Civil War had defectors – soldiers on both sides who chose not to fight for their preselected regiments. Historian Francis B. Simkins opined that desertion was “the most disgraceful North Carolina soldiers, this paper will pri-marily focus on Confederate desertion in North Carolina. The end of the war in 1865 brought a welcome peace, especially for the men who served as soldiers. Register of confederate and federal soldiers and civilians sentenced 1862-65. The execution of Henry Wirz - November 10, 1865 . There were some Confederate soldiers who thought differently than their leadership. Courtesy of VHA Historical Photo. This raises an obvious question: why then were few Confederate soldiers tried for treason? The Union had 1.9 million veterans after the war’s conclusion, and Congress began to take steps towards providing care for soldiers who would require care and places of rest. Presidential pardons. What we do know is that millions of people grieved for the loss of loved ones. Cloyd, Benjamin G. Haunted by Atrocity: Civil War Prisons in American Memory (Louisiana State University Press; 2010) 272 pages.traces shifts in Americans' views of the brutal treatment of soldiers in both Confederate and Union prisons, from raw memories in the decades after the war to a position that deflected responsibility. Because of the massive newspaper coverage of the Wirz Tribunal, and the lack of trials against major Confederate leaders such as Robert E. Lee, it appeared to average Americans – both north and south – that Wirz was the only person tried, convicted, or executed after the war. Civil War veterans receive medical treatment at the Bath Branch of the National Soldiers Home in Bath, New York. After the War: A Soldier’s Struggle to Come Home. The easy answer is that, as Politico explained in 2018, Confederates received presidential pardons which began at Lincoln’s hand: After the Civil War ended in the spring of 1865, those who survived the ordeal went home to resume normal lives. Roll 16 - Registers of prisoners discharged and released June 1863-June 1865. Register of deaths of prisoners 1863-65. It is virtually impossible to measure the human costs of the Civil War, the hardships and suffering it caused. A soldier describes the 5 steps of veteran transition. Only one Civil War pension is still being paid (that pensioner was a veteran of both sides of the conflict), and by the time Confederates received real benefits, they were all dead by the following year. The question over whether or not Confederate soldiers were U.S. veterans is largely a symbolic one today. Register of prisoners confined, discharged, escaped, and transferred 1862-65. Confederate soldiers, who were mostly poor farmers, first began to des-ert after the passage of the Conscription Act of 1862. Author: Vincent "Rocco" Vargas. Library of Congress. 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