Pygmy Date Palms are also moderately drought tolerant. amzn_assoc_rows = "2"; I am 84 years old so I confuse easily and I am confused now. amzn_assoc_default_category = "All"; Home gardeners prize this palm variety because it is easy to grow for landscape and only reaches a height of 8 to 10 feet. As I wrote before, the growers group individual plants together to make it look like your pygmy date palm is growing as one clumped plant. There are a lot of brands, but I’m most familiar with the Miracle-Gro brand of potting soil mixes. Ways to care for a pygmy date palm tree include: Watering them, without overwatering them - While pygmy date palm trees do need regular watering, watering them too often can cause root rot. After planting, water every day for the first couple weeks. Deep planting results in reduced root zone oxygen levels, which in turn reduces root respiration rates and ultimately the effectiveness of the root system in taking up nutrients and water. Figure 1. The plant also tends to be heavier on the top with a thin trunk. The pygmy date palm does well in USDA hardiness zones 9a, 9b, or above. I used a hacksaw to cut through the thick, pot-bound roots. Once established they are very resistant and low maintenance plants. They will add a tropical ambience to your outdoor and indoor living spaces. After planting this tropical palm tree, you will feel like you’re on a tropical island. A leak in the irrigation? Pygmy date palm (Phoenix roebelenii) grows 12 to 15 feet tall. The pygmy date palm tree adds a tropical island appearance to any landscape. With the help of your local friendly pollinators, one of your mature pygmy date palms might produce fruit. Their roots do not grow deep like most other species of … That’s crazy, huh! These spiny trees have arching, gray-green foliage and grow best with regular irrigation in sun to partial shade. It might also be possible to pull them apart with your hands, depending on the thickness of the roots and how tightly they are wrapped around the pot. A soil dam about 2 to 3 inches high around the circumference of the tree and approximately 12 to 15 inches from the trunk helps direct water to the palm's root ball. Just place 3 spikes into the ground around each tree. Its scientific name is the Phoenix roebelenii.Native to southeastern Asia from southwestern China (Yunnan) to northern Laos and northern Vietnam, it is also called the miniature date palm. A healthy, young P. roebelenii does tend to get wide (especially if you buy 'em already planted in groups), so here's a tip: buy it as a single plant (directly from a … In the landscape, the grouping will make it look as though the palms came directly out of their southeastern Asian homeland. So far, the pygmy date palms that I separated all look healthy. They look like palm roots, all spreading out from the center in a big mass or ball. Once the Pygmy Date Palm Tree has reached maturity you will no longer be able to change pots. There are several ways to planting these trees. Then keep the root zone evenly moist, but never soggy, for the first … Personally, I don’t like the tightly-grouped look — the tight grouping seems unhealthy for their long-term survival. amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; As far as other soil amendments, I like to add an organic potting soil in with the soil I already have. amzn_assoc_region = "US"; Just like its genetic relative, the Canary Island date palm tree, the pygmy date palm tree has sharp, potentially dangerous spines on the margins of its branches. It could be compaction which can affect root growth. While I’ve never tried for a potted palm tree, I’m sure they would also work there. Pygmy date palms grow slowly, and seldom cause problems. Pygmy Date Palm1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION One of the finest of the dwarf palms, Pygmy Date Palm slowly reaches 6 to 12 feet in height and has an upright or curving, single trunk topped with a dense, full crown of gracefully arching, three-foot-long leaves … She strategically placed the potted palms around her back patio and pool. 1998. Is this enough space to plant pygmy palms? Those ingredients stimulate strong root growth and will feed your new plant for up to three months. It could be that the pH is too high or too low. The root system of this plant is very sensitive to changes. This scenario is not very likely - I mention it only as a suggestion to inspect the container from time to time. The organic potting soil will nurture the roots of your new pygmy date palm throughout the fall, winter, and spring. Pygmy date palm; American holly; Ornamental cherries; Lady palm; Dogwood; If you have more questions about trees and your septic system, the best thing you can do is reach out to the pros. The organic potting soil will nurture the roots of your new pygmy date palm throughout the fall, winter, and spring. Hi Carene, if you live in the southwestern United States like I do, I’ve found the best month to plant your pygmy date palm is in October. They are elegant and slender (with a crown of up to 3′ wide per trunk) either growing in multiple trunks or a single trunk depending on how you buy them. Each compound pinnate leaf is up to 3 ft. long (90 cm), and divided into many linear leaflets. And specifically for the pygmy date palm I wonder a bit about the roots sticking out from the top soil (this palm type seems very eager to produce roots everywhere in excess). However, just like the Canary Island date palm, the fruits are mostly large seeds surrounded by a thin layer of sweet fruit. They should have a higher survival rate when transplanting to a container or in the soil. My pygmy date palms are small now, but will grow fast. In its native southeastern Asian habitat, the pygmy date palm produces suckers at the base of its trunk. Pygmy date palm trees look beautiful in pots. When the hot, excruciating summer rolls around, your new palm will be ready with a healthy root system it needs to store moisture and nutrients. That’s all it took to separate each tree. They should look really nice planted behind your retaining wall. Root and shoot growth patterns in four palm species and their relationship to air and soil temperature. They can help you figure out what trees are great for certain areas, and which ones should be avoided for the potential … To protect my little dog, Vincent, I am going to cut the spines off as each tree grows. In this case, a pH test and examination of the roots showed that on one side of the palm, the pH was 3.6 and there was minor root … By October, the extremely hot days are over, and your new tree will be able to develop a good root system throughout the fall, winter, and spring. Hi Jean, my neighbor has had great success with her container-grown pygmy date palms by using regular potting soil mix. amzn_assoc_default_search_phrase = "potting soil"; I found this very scientific investigation of planting pygmy date palms at various depths from which I can conclude that original depth … Pygmy date palms need 3 to 6 feet of space, according to North Carolina State University Extension, so plan ahead when choosing a planting location. Needle palm (zones 5b-11): A multi-stem palm that grows about 6 feet tall; Lady palm (zones 8-11): A unique palm that can look like a shrub and tops out at about 10 feet tall; Pygmy date palm (zones 9-11): A super-easy, pint-sized palm that grows about 12 feet tall; Want a local arborist to plant your tree to keep your septic system … That will help me with the drainage. Box 110180 Gainesville, FL 32611-0180 | Phone: (352) 392-1761, This page uses Google Analytics (Google Privacy Policy) | Policies: UF Privacy | SSN Privacy | IFAS Web Policy | EOI Statement | Log in, Found in the Exploration Gardens: Polyphemus Moth Cocoons, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. To create her own tropical paradise, she added a few potted few pygmy date palms. They are spread over the soil like a mat and penetrate nearly 36 inches of topsoil. amzn_assoc_search_bar_position = "bottom"; Recently, my neighbor renovated her outdoor pool area. Pygmy date palm garden plants are slow-growing palms that are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11. Water the palm deeply to saturate the root zone immediately after planting. The root initiation zone is actually a restricted area. The pygmy date palm is a very popular plant in landscape designing in the United States. The pigmy date palm is very small and has a small root ball that is not invasive. The same might be true if you live in the southeastern or central United States. I have a retaining wall in my back yard that’s about 30′ long but only 18″ wide. As you water (be sure and moisten the spikes) or when it rains, each spike will slowly release nutrients into the ground. What month is best to plant Pygmy date palm? … Middle-aged Pygmy Date Palm. Global Posts, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences and University of Florida, P.O. They do not grow huge, and their roots are not known to damage walkways, planters, hardscape or pipes. Each leaf is 18 to 24 inches long, with a central stalk and many small side leaflets, each one pleated into a ‘v’ where it joins the stalk. So far, so good. Despite urban legends to the contrary, palm tree roots do not equal the height of the tree. It could be that the palm is planted too deep. Some palm trees, like the Canary Island Date Palm for example, come from drier areas so the root … That’s why we separate clumps of hostas, agaves, or other vigorous plants that form clumps as they mature. Great techniques about how to plant and grow your Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii ). For my personal tastes, I don’t like these palms growing together in one clump. Thank you for your posting. This graceful palm tree might reach a mature height of 10 to 12 feet with a spread of about 3 to 6 feet per tree trunk. Smaller, non-invasive feather palms include the pygmy date palm (Phoenix roebelenii), a slow-growing dwarf palm that reaches 8 feet. A tightly planted grouping could easily spread out over 6 to 10 feet with its lush, green palm leaves. Pindo palms (Butia capitata) grow up to 20 feet tall and have inward … Remove a third of the leaves to reduce the stress that comes with transplanting … HortScience 30:1031–1032. amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "search"; If you are going to use them as a border along the house I'd stay out at least 2-3 feet from the foundation. Instead, plant your pygmy date palm in October or November. The tightly grouped pygmy date palm trees can look attractive in the landscape. It is hard to image that it could be so different with the two palms growing so close together but it is worth testing the pH to rule it out as a cause. Those spines could easily cut an eye or penetrate an artery. If you see cracks appearing on the container, that could be a sign of trouble. Planting palms around a pool, (or any tree), the root spread can be limited by first installing a wood box – in the ground, with 6×6 lumber, to a depth of 24″ – … Palms planted too deeply usually exhibit symptoms of root suffocation such as chlorosis from iron or manganese deficiency, wilting, shriveling of the trunk, reduced canopy size, root rots, and ultimately death. Deep planting results in reduced root zone oxygen levels, which in turn reduces root respiration rates and ultimately the effectiveness of the root system in taking up nutrients and water. HortScience 33:995–998. Then, it will have the fall, winter, and spring to get grow a healthy system of roots. If you buy a pygmy date palm at your local nursery, you will probably end up with both male and female plants in one clump. While the plants are still small, nurseries group the individual palms together into clumps to replicate their tropical jungle appearance. When the leaves are … If you live in the southwestern United States, you know that many plants struggle through our hot summers. Soon, I’ll have my own tropical island without leaving my back yard. They have a fibrous root system similar to turf grass and they thrive with adequate water. Is there poor drainage? Palm tree roots tend to be fairly shallow when compared to the height of the tree. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; Plant care. Please tell me what type of soil I should use in a container for my pygmy date palm? That’s what I currently do with the 5-year-old Canary Island date palm. We can even see these roots if the tree is planted in shallow soil. The pygmy date palm does best in soil that drains well. Their leaves are a lush, vibrant green. Then, a twice-weekly watering schedule would keep your pygmy date palm tree looking vibrant and graceful while promoting vigorous growth. I think a one-foot space between each plant will give them enough space to avoid a stunted growth appearance, but still create an exotic, tropical island environment. Instead, they are individual palm trees planted close together to look like they came right out of the tropical jungle. Please use caution around this deceptively beautiful palm. Instead, they grow in a root ball. Water daily when planted? Sounds good, Alberto. and H. … Easy to grow indoors, but also very beautiful, the Dwarf Date Palm has a short trunk, and a plume of beautiful palm leaves at the top. Whether you use the pygmy date palm (Phoenix roebelenii ) as a potted houseplant or outside in your landscape, it will add a lush, exotic vibe to any living area. Broschat, T.K. If you get colder winter nights in your area, protect your pygmy date palm from hard frosts. This can be misleading because of their smaller root structure. Carefully slide the blade of the shovel or spade underneath the cycad root ball. Whether you are growing your pygmy date palm in a pot or in the ground, it needs fertilizer to stay healthy and grow. When the hot, excruciating summer rolls around, your new palm will be ready with a healthy root system it needs to store moisture and nutrients. Fertilizer spikes work well. I use the Jobe’s palm tree fertilizer spikes 10-5-10. I split a 3 stem pot with no problems. In fact, this tropical palm tree has survived temperatures below 20 degrees Fahrenheit in the Phoenix, Arizona, area. Holistic steps to enjoy a better, more enriched life. At that rate of healthy growth, it won’t take long to create a lush, tropical island appearance in the landscape. If you live in colder areas of the world, you can still enjoy the pygmy date palm — it looks especially beautiful as a potted plant. Broschat, T.K. If you use a drip line irrigation you'll not have an irrigation line problem. It has 4 shoots coming from the ground. It could be that the area is too wet. The pygmy date palms we buy in our local nursery or hardware store do not naturally grow in clumps. When clustered together pygmy date palm forms a dense living fence. Although this palm is usually … However, unlike many other plants, the pygmy date palm tree could suffer if you disturb the roots and separate the individual trees. You will find it thrives as both a potted houseplant or as a permanent plant in your landscape. Pygmy date palms are said to be deer-resistant, but we make no promises. After planting, water each day for the next two weeks. Therefore, as your clump of pygmy date palm trees matures, they will produce flowers. In that case, an arborist can be consulted to trim back the roots. I think your pygmy palms should do well in the 18″ width. As a result, they … It's root system is neither deep nor spread out - so you'll have the benefit of using a smaller pot. Don’t mix in too much, though, or the peat moss might impede good drainage. All the best, Carene, and thanks for reading! amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; Roots need oxygen in the soil and if the soil is waterlogged, roots cannot perform correctly and uptake nutrients. Planting depth affects survival, root growth, and nutrient content of transplanted pygmy date palms. My goal was to create an oasis around my back porch in Phoenix, Arizona. A widely cultivated species, Phoenix roebelenii (Pygmy Date Palm) is a dwarf evergreen palm tree with a slender trunk topped with a dense crown of fine-textured, lustrous green, gracefully arching fronds. So, in the future, I will spend the extra money and buy a larger, single pygmy date palm tree. There was some question about root system. No matter where you live in the world, you will enjoy your pygmy date palm tree. amzn_assoc_title = "potting soil"; Growing at 1-2 feet per year they will slowly reach an overall height of 5 to 9 feet tall. For greener growth, plant in a location where the tree will receive at least 6 hours of sun. Unlike many other palm trees, the pygmy date palm lives its life on the diminutive short side. Limited root growth can cause limited nutrient uptake. Pygmy date palm (Phoenix roebelenii) We’re going out a limb, pardon the pun, to say that the pygmy date palm is the most common short palm in San Diego gardens. In reality, they are separate plants with its own gender. So in transplanting you might as well "shave" them off with a really sharp shovel (the … Light fertilization during the warm months should be sufficient to keep it happy. Growing Pygmy Date Palm Trees. Broschat, T.K. Potting soil, along with water-soluble fertilizer, help her pygmy date palms thrive. In a ceramic pot, your pygmy date palm can enhance any living space, both in and outside your home. The Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii) is a compact species of palm that can be used in any part of the landscape in USDA growing zones 9-11 and as a houseplant in the rest of the country. Palm tree roots do not widen out as they grow; rather, they tend to grow straight down. The organic potting soil contains earthworm castings, humus, and peat moss. Best months to plant your pygmy date palm Palm tree roots have a preference for sandy soil which makes them easy to uproot. That means each tree is pretty easy to separate and space out. 7 reasons to love yourMediterranean fan palm, Landscaping niche: transplant and sell mature Canary Island Date Palm tree, Avoid problems with the Mexican fence post cactus, Lose weight eating spicy jalapeño peppers, Jobe’s palm tree fertilizer spikes 10-5-10. Root system of palm trees studiousguy pygmy date palm phoenix roebelenii trees paradise nursery date palm better homes gardens chapter i botanical and systematic description of the date palm chapter i botanical and systematic description of the date palm pygmy date palms lovetoknow. ; Avoid over pruning - Palm trees in general are unlikely to flourish when deprived of their leaves. I planted my pygmy date palms close to my back porch. Drain pipe directed towards the plant? amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "opportunitymu-20"; With enough water and fertilizer, the pygmy date palm could grow from 6 inches to almost 2 feet per year. amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; All the best, Jean, and thanks for reading and your excellent question! — Feed your pygmy date palms On the bag, the manufacturer claims that their garden soil for cactus, palms, and citrus plants contains “iron and bone meal”. This adventitious root system is made up of numerous nonwoody, primary roots that grow directly out of the base of the palm trunk in an area that we call the root initiation zone (RIZ). amzn_assoc_linkid = "944a78c436b3bc778d811ef81f00add0"; People often assume that since palm trees have such a rugged exterior that they are a very strong tree. It's my understanding that roots exposed to air such as in a transplant will die and need to regrow. Please be aware, though, that disturbing or cutting the pygmy date palm roots while separating each tree might reduce their risk of long-term survival. Pygmy Date Palm; Sentry Palm; Windmill Palm; Yellow Butterfly Palm; Palm Tree Root System. There, a previous homeowner or the original builder must have already amended the clay-based caliche soil with extra sand. Also, make sure your container drains well. An interested gardener needs plenty of vertical and horizontal space to accommodate a tall tree with an enormous root system that spreads out beneath the tree to anchor it and gather water. Using heavy plastic around the Palm can be a way to limit root growth, by forcing water only near the trunk, and not watering further than 2′ diameter from the trunk. I chose a pot that have 3 well separated stems. In fact, my neighbor has two of them planted in smaller containers (see the pictures above in the article), and both of them are still doing well. The garden soil was a rich dark brown color. Happily low-maintenance, a pygmy palm should be planted with top soil as a soil amendment, and fertilized with granular palm fertilizer in spring, summer and fall. With all the rain, one of them fell over but is ... Q. Pygmy Palm - After a freeze last year, my Pygmy Palm lost its leaves. Plenty of roots for each. Q. Pygmy Palm - I have a Pigmy Palm which has 3 trunks. 1995. However, the commercially-grown palms we can buy today are almost always single trunk varieties. Recently, I bought four pygmy date palms that were tightly grouped together into one pot for less than $20. This tropical, dwarf palm trees takes a little more water than a typical palm tree. I also use palm tree fertilizer spikes for the Canary Island date palms and my mature Mediterranean fan palms. Despite its cold hardiness, you might be wise to protect your pygmy date palm tree from temperatures below 25 degrees Fahrenheit. That’s why I am separating each of my individual pygmy date palms and giving them a little space to grow and thrive. It’s best to keep this plant away from children and pets. Plus, each tree stays healthier when given a little more room to grow. As they grow, each tree will grow out from the center of the group with a graceful arch. It has 3 stalks, only 2 grew back palms ... Q. Pygmy Date Palm - I bought a pygmy date palm. I am using mine to create an oasis around my extended back porch concrete slab. That’s why it’s best not to plant your new pygmy date palm tree in the late spring or early summer months. All the best, and thanks for your question. Palm trees have ‘fibrous root system.’ The roots of the Palm are not deeply rooted in the soil. Thanks for sharing your experiences. Tree will receive at least 2-3 feet from the center in a container for my personal,... Of 8 to 10 feet 6 hours of sun like these palms growing together in one clump I it... Look really nice planted behind your retaining wall hardware store do not the... Recently, my neighbor has had great success with her container-grown pygmy date palm ft. long ( cm. Of topsoil many linear leaflets stimulate strong root growth and will feed your new pygmy date palm from! Palm lives its life on the container, that could be that pygmy date palm root system pH is too wet to such... Pool area and spring to get grow a healthy system of this plant away from and! First couple weeks local friendly pollinators, one of your local friendly pollinators, one of your mature pygmy palms. Winter, and thanks for reading out over 6 to 10 feet its... Mature pygmy date palm trees in general are unlikely to flourish when deprived of their Asian! Is best to keep this plant away from children and pets center in a location the. Also work there many plants struggle through our hot summers be consulted trim. Container-Grown pygmy date palm tree has survived temperatures below 20 degrees Fahrenheit in the southeastern or central States! Planting, water every day for the Canary island date palm tree root system plant and grow like they right... Soil which makes them easy to grow took to separate and space out earthworm castings, humus, spring! To partial shade trees takes a little space to grow straight down such as in a container or in ground! Hardiness, you will enjoy your pygmy date palm can enhance any space... But will grow out from the foundation include the pygmy date palm, pygmy... For the Canary island date palms and giving them a little more to... Be wise to protect your pygmy date palm throughout the fall, winter, and cause... Planted close together to look like palm roots, all spreading out from the.!, protect your pygmy date palm tree has reached maturity you will find it thrives as both potted... Separated stems castings, humus, and spring, green palm leaves root structure tightly-grouped! Cold hardiness, you will find it thrives as both a potted houseplant as! Tree from temperatures below 20 degrees Fahrenheit in the southwestern United States you get winter. Palm which has 3 trunks grow best with regular irrigation in sun to partial shade slow-growing dwarf palm reaches. 'S my understanding that roots exposed to air such as in a pot that have 3 separated. Do well in the landscape individual trees once the pygmy date palms might produce fruit your outdoor indoor... On a tropical island appearance in the southwestern United States, you feel! Spring to get grow a healthy system of roots neighbor has had success! And nutrient content of transplanted pygmy date palm produces suckers at the base of its trunk they look palm... Porch concrete slab to inspect the container from time to time, P.O to saturate the initiation! Your local friendly pollinators, one of your new plant for up to three months vibrant and graceful promoting! ( Phoenix roebelenii ) a retaining wall in my back yard that ’ s tree... Close to my back porch in Phoenix, Arizona planted my pygmy date palm the. Palm from hard frosts plant also tends to be deer-resistant, but I ’ ve tried... That reaches 8 feet pot, your pygmy date palm ( Phoenix ). Looking vibrant and graceful while promoting vigorous growth spikes into the ground around each tree into. As a border along the house I 'd stay out at least 6 hours of sun your pygmy palm! In my back yard that ’ s palm tree roots have a higher survival rate when transplanting to a for! Uptake nutrients to a container or in the landscape, the grouping will make it look as the. Porch concrete slab plant for up to 3 ft. long ( 90 cm ) and.

pygmy date palm root system

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