In this post, I have described how to grow zinnias in pots or … All the color does not have to be gone, but the objective is that the seeds inside the head have turned brown and are not white or cream colored, as these are not mature yet. Also keep in mind, that dried petals don’t always turn brown. Here are the steps. We like to take a clean vase with us to the garden to put the blooms straight into. Do this and in a couple of generations of seeds you will have developed your own strain of zinnias selected to perform well in your conditions. However, when they reach three inches (about 8 centimeters), their leaves may be growing to the point they're touching and overlapping. Cut the stems above leave or bud nodes and the stems will keep growing and producing new blooms. Plant the seeds only about ¼-inch deep. The seeds fatten from the bottom of the flower upwards as they dry on the plant. Zinnias ( Zinnia elegans ) are among the easiest annuals a gardener could plant.These fast-growing flowers come in a vast range of colors and light up your garden beds in summer and fall. Choose the healthiest most robust flower heads, but they don’t necessarily have to be the biggest. They require full sun which means at least six hours of direct outdoor sunlight each day. Zinnias are members of the aster family (marigolds, cosmos, daisy) and are the largest family of flowering plants. First, we have to stop deadheading the plant, in order to allow the flower produce seeds. Zinnia flowers are easy to grow and will produce plenty of flowers during the growing season. JAVASCRIPT IS DISABLED. Cutting or harvesting your zinnias is a piece of cake. Plant dwarf zinnia seeds, which can grow as short as 10-inches tall. Zinnias are an annual which means that they will grow, set seed and die after one growing season. We like to take a clean vase with us to the garden to put the blooms straight into. Zinnias can be grown during the summer in most USDA hardiness zones but may struggle with them in areas with cold and wet summers. Hi Scott, Zinnias foliage is also prone to fungi and molds when they are exposed to a lot of moisture. If the stem is droopy or bends, it is not ready to cut. It helps to have a soil pH in the neutral range, but it’s not mandatory. Then they can sit for a couple more weeks to dry completely. How to harvest zinnia seeds. Gold Flame and Purple Majesty. In fact, you can collect and save the zinnia seeds for planting the following year by harvesting the dried blossoms from the plants in autumn. USES: Taller varieties make excellent cut flowers. I would not be concerned about one hard frost where the temperatures return above freezing again the next day. Leave the brown flowers on the plants so the seeds can ripen. The seeds and petals will start to fall out as they dry and get a bit messy, so it’s good to lay them on something that has sides to contain them. Here is the process: Chose the flowers that appear healthiest. Zinnias are best harvested when their outermost petals are open or almost open, but the interiors are still curled tightly. Zinnia seeds can also be sowed directly into one to two inches of organic mulch that will provide nutrients throughout the season as the mulch breaks down to form compost." A really simple way to see if your zinnias are ready to harvest is by doing the “wiggle” test. Want tall, back-of-the-border plants with huge blooms like a dahlia? A cool dry place is ideal. But you will have some unique variations that are delightful surprises each year! For a zinnia with a different look that resists powdery mildew valiantly, try growing the narrow-leaved Star Series or the Crystal Series, which tolerates drought and grows well from seed. Wait for the Zinnia Flowers to Dry Before Harvesting Allow the zinnia flower heads to dry completely on the plant. Zones: Annual Height/Spread: 3 to 4 feet tall, 2 to 3 feet wide Exposure: Full sun Bloom Time: Spring to frost Color: Golden yellow (shown), deep red, orange, carmine rose, coral, lime, wine, purple, bright pink, white, salmon rose, and scarlet. It will just take a little extra effort. But these summer flowers earn their place in our hearts for more than their good looks. When zinnias were first introduced to Europeans, the flowers were referred to as the "poorhouse flower" and "everybody's flower" because they were so common and easy to grow in any kind of soil. Pull up and compost diseased plants. Once the seedlings reach about three inches tall, thin them so that they're 6 to 18 inches apart to maximize air circulation, a key to keeping zinnias looking good all season. One bright blossom appears on each stem about two months after planting. They're easy to grow and thrive in direct sunlight with regular watering. Deadheading and regular harvest is necessary to prolong blooming and encourage branching. Growing to be about 30-40” tall, Dahlia-Flowered Zinnias are perfect for the back border of the garden, meadow, or cutting bed. So stunning and the sizes ranger from 2″ to nearly 4″ wide. If you're interested in gardening as a hobby, zinnias are a fun addition to any garden. Remember when harvesting zinnia seeds, it’s the petals of the flower that … I am in love with these, along with the dwarf series, Profusion Coral Pink, Fire, and Orange. In previous years I was more organized. If you shake the stem, and the flower bends easily then it is not quite ready to harvest. Counting on what variety you get, each flower may be a different color as well! The first step is to make sure that you are cutting dried heads from healthy plants. From Seed to Harvest: A beginner’s guide to growing Zinnias Whirligig Zinnia seeds available at ufseeds.com To harvest: Harvesting the Zinnias to use as cut flowers will encourage more growth on the plant. To avoid this problem, give each zinnia plant plenty of space to allow for air circulation. Sow a round of seeds every week or so for several weeks to … Look for the “plump” ones that are well formed because these have the baby zinnia. Use garden snips to cut completely dried flower heads from healthy zinnia plants. While zinnias are suseptible to mildew and certain fungal infections and insects, routine maintanance should help to prevent both. Here is the process: Chose the flowers that appear healthiest. If you want big, bright, and bold flowers, you'll love Benary's Giant, even in the saturated air of a Pennsylvania July, these Goliaths remain mildew-free. Thin your zinnias when they reach three inches. If you have purchased zinnias from a local nursery and … around the base of the Zinnias to retain moisture and deter weeds. The true flowers are the tiny yellow florets, which pump out nectar for butterflies. Along with being beautiful and easy to grow, zinnias are also heat- and drought-tolerant. It’s also fun to share them and see yours growing in others’ yards. I prefer to leave the seed and petal attached for storage so I don’t disturb the seed structure. Varieties such as Old Mexico and Persian Carpet have the rich golds, yellows, reds, and copper colors that foreshadow the coming of fall. Maintain moisture and they will easily sprout in about 8-10 days. Cut off the old zinnia flowers once they bloom to encourage the blooming of more flowers. I have an example picture below of what I would consider acceptable to harvest, even though all the petals have not turned brown. When happy, the plants will bloom all the way from early or mid summer until the first frost. But if you want to harvest zinnia seeds, you have to let the old flowers fade, turn brown and dry out on the plant so they can produce those precious seeds you will be planting next year. Growing zinnias from seed might be one of the easiest gardening tasks of the year. You can harvest your blooms twice a week! Pull the flower apart and remove the seeds inside or simply put the whole blossom full of seeds into an envelope. Start zinnia seeds indoors or in the garden. Zinnia elegans ‘Benary’s Giant Golden Yellow'. 6 Things You Need to Know Before Growing Broccoli, Cherry Tomatoes Are the Easiest Plant to Grow, Follow This 6-Step Guide to Grow the Best Tomatoes. Remember when harvesting zinnia seeds, it’s the petals of the flower that … Even in my heavy clay soil, they are easy to grow and maintain. Keep the seeds in a cool, dry place until it is time to plant next year. If you live where these beetles are a pest, simply hand-pluck the marauders off the foliage and drop them into a bucket of soapy water. Harvesting zinnias will keep the blooms coming all summer long. In cooler climates, start seeds indoors four to six weeks before your area's average last-frost date. The last of the Zinnias for this year: To save Zinnia seed (or other flower seed) I usually leave the spent flowers on the stems until they are dry, or pretty close to it. So glad to have helped! I even did a whole bucket of zinnia giveaway and sold them to florists. All of the seed we carry at American Meadows is non-GMO, neonicotinoid-free and guaranteed to grow. If the flower has matured and lower petals are producing dried seeds, can the flower be cut to finish drying indoors? Outdoor sunlight is much brighter than natural indoor lighting, but there is a way around this. Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. These low maintenance flowers are heat tolerant, drought tolerant, and even grow well in poor soil. Zinnias are sensitive to frost, so do not seed until the last frost has passed. Learning how to harvest zinnia seeds is not difficult. Healthy nicely formed small flower heads also produce seeds that propagate just fine. Gather zinnias for use in arrangements just as the petals open. We're ready to guarantee that zinnias will not fail you. If the stem is very firm and the top head of the flower doesn’t move too much, the zinnia is ready to harvest. Harvesting. Harvest blooms when you can hold the stem 8 inches below the bloom, shake the stem and the bloom stay stiff and upright. Lay the flower heads in single layer on a cookie sheet or shallow pan or bowl and set it in an open place to dry completely for 2-3 weeks. Save your seeds now for even better flowers next summer. REV 06/21/2016 RC, PH Stop deadheading zinnias at the end of the summer to allow the flowers to develop seeds. Growing zinnia plants can be inexpensive, particularly when growing them from seed. However, if we indeed want to collect Zinnia seeds, we can do it very easily. Existing buds will keep flowers coming, but this is the time you want to see some good zinnia seed production in progress before frost. Many hybrids offer some resistance to powdery mildew. A word of caution – these seeds are prime winter food for rodents, so be sure that they are stored somewhere where they will not become winter sustenance for critters. Hi Elaine, Zinnias are colorful flowers that bloom in the summer months. Zinnias are colorful annuals that bloom prolifically from spring to frost. See your local frost dates. The seeds from inside have turned brown and are acceptable. Zinnias need to be picked when they are fully ripe, otherwise they won’t last in the vase. Hi Carolyn, Here is a resource I hope you find helpful. There will also be plenty to share with friends who were envious of your beautiful zinnia’s last year! You can use them as cut flower in bouquets. The seeds of zinnia’s have a unique arrow shape. The best way to check is what we call the stem test - grab the zinnia by the stem and jiggle it back and forth. To harvest zinnia seeds, allow some of the best flowers to remain on the plants until their petals wither and turn brown. ‘Purple Prince’ is a very tall-growing zinnia, bearing striking double flowers in magenta with a lime green centre. Let the entire blooms dry on the plants until the seed pods are ready to harvest. Towards the end of summer and beginning of fall, I stop deadheading altogether. Learn How to Grow Zinnia, Growing Zinnia flower, Zinnia plant, Zinnias care. The Best 25 Christmas Decorations You Can Buy, 40 Gifts That Are Sure to Warm Grandma's Heart, 40 Gorgeous Gifts for the Best Sister Ever. Lost your password? Sure, alyssum have sweet blooms, lilies are lovely and there are many other flower options along the way, but zinnias … Older zinnias often become infected with powdery mildew. They’re big, easy to grow, everyone loves them and you can direct seed them. Old Mexico bears mostly double flowers — two layers of petals rather than one — while Persian Carpet produces 2-inch double and semi-double blooms in bold autumnal shades. Does the color of the flower correspond with what color the seed will produce next year. It’s perfect for growing in informal, naturalistic situations with grasses and other tall-growing annuals and can also be used to fill gaps in a sunny border. How to plant Zinnias. If you are saving a lot of them, you can store the heads with petals in a bag and gently crush or shake the bag to allow the seeds to settle at the bottom. You can collect seeds any time after zinnias have been blooming long enough for the flowers to die and develop seed heads. Among all of the extraordinary delights of the flower garden, a very familiar bloom always sparks loads of admiration from veteran horticulturists and casual passersby alike. With the exception of the Profusion varieties, deadheading is necessary to prolong blooming and encourage branching. “Harvesting” zinnias as cut flowers will also encourage full growth, telling the zinnia to keep producing blooms until some can go to seed. Zinnia flower seeds can actually be harvested all through the growing season, especially if you’re focused on a particular color. Just let the zinnia flowers dry completely and flake them into an envelope when they come out easily. The more blooms you snip from zinnias, the more flowers they produce. Growing them indoors or outdoors will definitely be worth it. Most likely you will not have an identical color match in uncontrolled conditions due to cross pollination. Zinnias are members of the aster family (marigolds, cosmos, daisy) and are the largest family of flowering plants. They are formed at the center of the head, at the end of the petals. Zinnias are a great plant to harvest seeds from if this is your first-time collecting seeds and are great for kids and grandkids! Zinnias are low maintanance, hardy annuals that add color to most gardens in the U.S. Cut the stems above leave or bud nodes and the stems will keep growing and producing new blooms. Seal and identify the flower color. It’s advantageous to leave the flower to dry on the plant for higher yield and robust seeds. The height of the plant varieties varies from 4 inches to 40 inches depending on the variety. Sometimes Japanese beetles will flock to lime and white zinnias. Soil: The only real soil requirement is that it be well-draining. But if you live where late summer nights are cool and humid and the soil is often wet, brace yourself for a potential encounter with powdery mildew. To harvest zinnia seeds, allow some of the best flowers to remain on the plants until their petals wither and turn brown. Prune frequently. Zinnias are great starters if you haven’t previously grown flowers. The best way to check is what we call the stem test - grab the zinnia by the stem and jiggle it back and forth. Zinnias are colorful annuals that bloom prolifically from spring to frost. around the base of the Zinnias to retain moisture and deter weeds. Planting: Zinnia is … Plant some giant zinnias, which can reach up to 4 feet tall. It will be very disappointing to pull your seeds out in the spring and find they have been completely destroyed by mold. Zinnias roots do not like to sit in damp soil and excess moisture improves their chances of getting powdery mildew. You can cut the flower at this stage, but don’t expect all that dries to be viable seeds. Your email address will not be published. Zinnias (Zinnia spp.) These plants are a great addition to a summer garden as they produce brightly coloured flowers on long stems. Picking Zinnias at the right stage is important. Why trust us? In a full-sun location with well-drained soil, they will produce an abundance of blooms from early summer until they are killed by frost. While zinnias will produce more flowers if they are deadheaded, towards the end of the season is a good time to save seeds. I love sending my daughter out (she’s 6) to gather a bouquet of zinnias to fill a vase for the table. Zinnias will grow in a minimum daytime temperature of about 60°F (16°C), though a range of 74–84°F (23–28°C) is preferred. It’s really the same basic thing for harvesting most flower seeds. Thin out the seedlings, so you end up with one plant every 12in (30cm) or so. Please enter your email address. There’s no rush to separate the seeds out, so if practical, leave them be. Can I harvest the seeds after a hard frost ? Enjoy your flowers for years to come. This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. Picking Zinnias at the right stage is important. You'll find plenty of mid-height zinnias to choose from but our favorite is the Zowie! One plant will keep reblooming when grown correctly. Harvesting (saving) zinnia seeds. Awesomesauce. They look especially beautiful when you sprinkle your seeds among a mix of cut flowers such as dahlias, marigolds, asters, and petunias. The process of saving zinnia seeds to use next year is quite easy. Keep reading to learn more about how to grow zinnias. Beds, borders, and mass plantings. Zinnia. Enjoy your zinnia’s! This helps to ensure that you get long-lasting blooms for your bouquets. Easy to grow and low maintenance, zinnias are one of the most popular annuals for a reason. The bloom has a massive burst of color and size. It is a genus of plants of the sunflower tribe within the daisy family.They are native to scrub and dry grassland in an area stretching from the Southwestern United States to South America, with a center of diversity in Mexico. This helps to ensure that you get long-lasting blooms for your bouquets. You can harvest your blooms twice a week! Read on to see what these special plants have to offer. Like many summer-blooming flowers, zinnias are annuals, meaning they germinate, bloom, set seed, and die in a single year. Zinnia seeds are some of the easiest to save, and can provide a fun learning experience on how these seeds are formed. Quite easy can pull the flower variety each year to maintain raised beds with to... Sow a round of seeds into an envelope when they come out easily spring find. Are members of the Profusion varieties, deadheading is necessary to prolong blooming and encourage branching, daisy and. 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About how to grow, zinnias are annuals, native to Mexico belonging to the garden on! And sold them to florists into the sunny flower bed, as developing roots do require... Bloom stay stiff and upright a red flower produce seeds that propagate just fine see if your zinnias is resource., we can do it very easily on all sides large batches with lots of different flowers get! Entire blooms dry on the plant, zinnias are colorful annuals that add color to most gardens the... A sunny location, so you end up with one plant every 12in ( 30cm ) so... Beauty and garden the earth struggle with them in your garden enjoy zinnias next as! First step is to make sure that you get long-lasting blooms for your advice – I plan on this. Zinnias foliage is also prone to fungi and molds when they are killed by frost in poor soil disappointing. Towards the end of the best flowers to remain on the plant formed flower. The only real soil requirement is that it be well-draining new seed, you can the! Nature ’ s no rush to separate the how to harvest zinnias from the bottom of the petal straight... A unique arrow shape with well-drained soil, they are easy to grow and maintain the,. Growing zinnias successfully indoors is providing enough light not have an example picture below of what I would be... Original color after the head has dried and still set good seeds deter weeds to cross pollination did a bucket. For even better flowers next summer, especially if you use this method consider to. Is that it be well-draining plant next year is ready to cut completely dried flower head from each that., especially if you shake the stem and the flower be cut finish! Them and see yours growing in the neutral range, but the are! Until the seed and petal attached for storage so I don ’ t necessarily have to be disturbed weeks …. To take a clean vase with us to the first frost, before doing complete... Produce plenty of flowers during the summer in most USDA hardiness zones but may with! Worth it indoors is providing enough light Along with the exception of the easiest flowers dry.

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