Semantic Scholar extracted view of "The causes of and impact from deforestation on local level sustainable forest management in Ghana : a survey of Dwease and Praaso communities in the Ashanti region" by Peter Dok Tindan Successful schemes such as joint forest management, participatory forest management and community forest management should be introduced and studied. is that in both Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire, deforestation linked to cocoa production, the core concern of the CFI, has increased — not decreased — since the launch of the Frameworks. Ghana has one of the highest deforestation rates in Africa and the world, at 2% per annum. It can damage the environment by causing many consequences. In the first stage, four first-level causes of deforestation were regressed on various second-level variables. The perceptions of causes of deforestation are very complex and can be tackled from different angles depending on how one perceives the causes to be. Deforestation is defined as the conversion of forest to non forest land uses. Land clearing for timber exportation is also rampant and hunting puts pressure on native species of various habitats in Ghana’s once-expansive rainforest. Government should also review existing laws to ensure that punishments for illegal logging activities are severe enough to discourage people. Tanzania, Namibia agree to enhance cooperation in deep sea fishing, Nigeria announces plan to lift over 5 mln farmers out of extreme poverty, UN launches international hub on behavioral insights to counter terrorism. Deforestation, the “human-driven and natural loss of trees,” affects wildlife and ecosystems, as well as weather patterns and the water cycle. An increasing supply-demand for products such as palm oil and soybeans are driving producers to clear forests at an unnerving rate. Virtually all unreserved forest has been converted to farmlands and fallow areas. They should also be trained to understand and implement forest management approaches such as reduced impact logging, sustainable forest management, multiple use forest management, participatory forest management, and community forest management among others which have been found to be useful in other countries. Rampant deforestation has cleared seven percent of Ghana’s tree cover in just over a decade. It is essentially characterized as loss of woodland spread by and large because of logging of timberlands for other land employments (Gorte and Sheik, 2010). This is done by selfish people who try and keep all the benefits away from the nation. Illegal small scale mining causes a massive amount of deforestation. Farmers also impact deforestation. In turn, trees can be defined as having a single stem and the potential to reach a minimum height of 2-5 metres at maturity. Agricultural expansion particular by cocoa production was identified as the highest driver of deforestation in this landscape contributing about 50% to the total forest lost. It examines the driving forces behind and evaluates policy options for addressing the problem of biodiversity loss. Deforestation is a global menace which has received much public attention in most countries in recent years. This study seeks to examine the causes and consequences of forest loss and therefore biodiversity loss in Ghana. A major cause of deforestation is agriculture plantations. When land is deforested, plant and animal diversity can be lost. The area of high forest (off reserve) has drastically reduced and the only remaining portions today are mainly in protected areas. Deforestation, bush burning destroying forest reserves - Tropebos identifies By Jesse Owusu Ampah Accra, Nov. 7, GNA – Mr Daniel Kofi Abu, Project Coordinator of Tropenbos International Ghana, a non-governmental forestry organization, has identified deforestation and bush burning as major causes of forest depletion in the country. On a 100 year scale (1900 to 2000), the nation lost over 80% of the closed forest (a reduction from 8.8 million ha to 1.5 million ha). Total land area of Ghana is about 23.85 million hectares. The recent FAO 2010 report has estimated Ghana’s deforestation at 135 395 ha per year. Ghana has one of the highest deforestation rates in Africa and the world, at 2% per annum. Cause Of Deforestation In Ghana 2701 Words | 11 Pages Again, a study carried out to analyse the level of dependence on forest resources and its effects on forest management in Ghana stated that there is a heavily dependence of the local people in the forest fringe communities on their farming practices and forest products for subsistence (Appiah et al. If the events of 1981-83 for instance are anything to go by, Ghana would spend its last penny to avert the threat posed by desertification. Legal logging could also still be harmful to forest if not done in environmentally friendly ways. Deforestation is the removal of all or most of the trees in a forest or forested area. It is taking a toll on the Earth’s environment and population. These illegal pit workers also do not put in … For example, one direct cause of deforestation is illegal logging. In a quest to know more, I have visited some mining sites at Nkaseim, Kenyasi, Wuramumuso, Mehame, and Banda, all in the Brong-Ahafo region to be specific and so many areas across the country to witness the devastating nature of galamsey to the community. Poor families who cannot afford alternative energy sources for cooking cannot be stopped from harvesting fuelwood since this will lead to hunger. The only way to regain lost forest is by reforestation or afforestation. Deforestation has different causes depending on the country. Deforestation can occur quickly especially in the Blue Mountains, through fire or clear-felling to make way for plantations, crops or pasture. The resistance to invasion increase with the plant biodiversity. 2007, Palmer et al. Daniel Kofi Abu, the Project Coordinator of Tropenbos International Ghana, a non-governmental forestry organization, has identified deforestation and bush burning as major causes … VIs, based upon digital brightness values, attempt to measure biomass or vegetative vigour. A two-stage regression analysis was conducted, where the causes of deforestation were grouped into first-level, direct causes and second-level (or indirect) causes. Deforestation is directly being caused by activities such as illegal logging, agricultural development, mining and infrastructure projects – but there are reasons behind these activities which are often overlooked. Moreover, the diversity of plant species increases carbon of the soil, biomass production, nutrient mineralization and soil organic matter. factors. The Ghana forestry commission is committed to tackling deforestation. In trying to fight deforestation, we may not go very far if we are merely trying to stop illegal logging. Causes of deforestation Logging. East Region of Ghana are reflected in unsustainable farming practices, removal of vegetation cover (including deforestation and overgrazing), mining activities, and urbanization and industrial activities caused by increased population growth pressures. It involves the clearing of the forest leading to cutting down of trees, to enable them accomplish their operation, of extracting gold. By FAO definitions, an area is considered to be forest if it covers an area greater than 0.5 hectares, and has 10% or more tree crown cover. Increasing proportions of deforestation is because of industrial activities and large scale agriculture. Although the leading threat is unclear, numerous factors contribute to environmental damage in Ghana. Effects deforestation has on local species Suggested Solutions Their efforts will not be successful until they are complemented with efforts of forest fringe communities. The terms degradation and deforestation may be familiar to workers and students in forestry, but probably not to all. Illegal small scale mining causes a massive amount of deforestation. New roads are being built and forests are demolished and destructive logging practices and unsustainable wood collection can eventually lead to a spiral of degradation. 2005). A SURVEY OF DWEASE AND PRAASO COMMUNITIES IN THE ASHANTI REGION Peter Dok Tindan Supervisor Kjell Havnevik . You have entered an incorrect email address! Ghana is no exception to the continuous environmental degradation as a result of deforestation fuelled by her rapid However, this wealth of minerals originates many problems such as social, economic and particularly environmental issues. Around the size of 36 football fields is being cut down in this minute. ADVERTISEMENTS: Deforestation is a consequence of over-exploitation of our natural ecosystems for space, energy and materials. 1995), it was stated that vegetation indices (VIs) obtained from remotely sensed data may be used as a biophysical indicator. 2007, Naeem 2006). It is cleared by chainsaws, bulldozers and unsustainable logging for its timber value as well as fires and degradation due to climate change. Thanks to the GIORNI initiative support, Myanmar will submit the concept note to the GCF, while Ghana has already submitted the final proposal, which is currently being examined by the GCF Secretariat. Deforestation as well as hunting and trading wildlife are counted among the most fatal impacts on the environment. There are copious amounts of reasons as to why deforestation takes place and several side effects of deforestation. Credit: Guuroh Reginald Tang Because of reducing soil fertility, an ever increasing area has to be planted in order to grow sufficient food. Trees: Over protected or rejected resources? Commercial logging. The Ashanti region has recorded the second highest deforestation rates. Between 1990 and 2000, Ghana lost an average of 135,000 hectares of forest per year; amounting to an average annual deforestation rate of -2% (FAO, 2007). The report indicated that Africa has the second highest rate of deforestation worldwide (with 3.4 million hectares of forest loss annually).The situation is not any different in Ghana where forest has been under pressure from human activities over the last century. Soil can be swept away because tree roots are no longer there to bind the soil together. This is done by selfish people who try and keep all the benefits away from the nation. These rural dwellers may not be well informed about the benefits of preserving trees and even if they know, they value the money they get from chain saw operators much more than allowing the tree to stand. There are both direct and indirect causes. Farrhead and Leach, (1998) estimated the deforestation rate to be a massive 22,000ha per year around the late 90’s. Deforestation can also happen gradually over time. Conclusion The Upper East Region of Ghana is the worst degraded region. Illegal logging is a major cause of deforestation, depriving the Ghanaian economy of fibre, legal employment and tax revenues. The article will also briefly discuss the causes of deforestation and present some suggested solutions. Examples of the many vegetation indices include the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI), Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index (SAVI), Normalised Burn Ratio (NBR) and many. between deforestation and its hypothesised causes in Ghana. Rustic agroforests have the higher biodiversity due to the native forest canopy (Perfecto et al. Deforestation affects our environment by reducing biodiversity, changing the water cycle, affecting soil erosion and plays a part in the ongoing phenomenon of global. Local people are those who help these illegal people to locate such trees in order to make their own gains at the expense of the whole of the nation. These causes are differentiated across the various forest zones in the country, however: in the south, timber exploitation, The World Wildlife Fund reports that much of the logging industry that contributes to deforestation is done illegally (about half of it used for firewood). Some people argue that trees take too long to grow but I say that it is better to plant today and have it in 50 years than not to plant today and be forced to plant it in 50 years and end up using it in 100 years or more from now. Protecting life on land is a much broader concept than one might think. maJor causes of deforesTaTIon In ghana In Ghana, deforestation is the result of a number of economic activities: legal and illicit logging, clearing trees to increase arable land, fuel wood extraction and mining. al., 1999). I agree with this only to some extent. Conversion of forest lands for industrial activities or infrastructural development is another cause of forest loss. Worldwide, the study cited industrial logging, agricultural expansion, fire, and mining/resource extraction as the primary causes of IFL area reduction. 2007). Land clearing for timber exportation is also rampant and hunting puts pressure on native species of various habitats in Ghana’s once-expansive rainforest. Increasing forest cover? Global Forest Watch revealed that forest loss rates shot up dramatically in 2018, with increases of 60 percent in Ghana … This means that if a land previously occupied by forest is cleared for agriculture or a building project, then deforestation would have occurred. Although the leading threat is unclear, numerous factors contribute to environmental damage in Ghana. News Ghana is not responsible for the reportage or opinions of contributors published on the website. management in Ghana. Traditional agroforestry system, contain many trees minimizing nutrient leaching and soil erosion and restore key nutrients (Marten, 1986). Deforestation kills the plant species that are chopped down and causes the loss of habitat for both plants and animals. Deforestation is one of the leading human causes of desertification. This process of forest clearing for agriculture coupled with unsustainable logging has been the major cause of deforestation in the Ashanti region and Ghana as a whole . For example, as a result of unsustainable logging or climate change. We argue that, in Ghana, measures in favour of reduced deforestation and forest degradation, e.g. Causes of deforestation Deforestation is typically done to make more land available for housing and urbanization, timber, large scale cash crops such as soy and palm oil, and cattle ranching. Deforestations impact on Earth is exceptionally greater than what people perceive it to be. The world 's highest rates of deforestation, a significant cause of global warming, are happening in the key emerging economies of Nigeria, Indonesia and Brazil. However in 1991, logging operations accounted for only 14% of the deforested areas in Ghana (FSD Annual Reports–1962-94). Deforestation rates companies cut down trees for timber, which is mostly sold to developed countries. The protection of the nation’s forest is a collective responsibility of every Ghanaian. Another cause of deforestation is the high demand for land that people need for putting up homes. Ghana's protected forest reserves have suffered average annual deforestation rates of 0.7%, 0.5%, 0.4%, and 0.6% for the periods 1990–2000, 2000–2005, 2005–2010 and 2010–2015, respectively. However, even these are no longer immune to the advance of deforestation, with many hit hard by a surge of forest loss that began in April. Owusu, J.G.K, Abeney, E.A, Frimpong, E.A (1999). Impacts of Deforestation in Ghana Deforestation is a great natural test that fundamentally influences versatility and dissemination of backwoods crosswise over various outskirts. Records show that at the turn of the last century, Ghana had about 8.8 million ha of primary forest. Examples include forest clearance for mining, industrial development, building of stadia, schools and other large infrastructure projects. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Similarly, we can only stop deforestation triggered by poverty when we have been able to tackle and deal with the poverty problems. Commercial logging which involves cutting trees for sale as timber or pulp is also one of the main causes of deforestation in Ghana. This deforested area is more than half the total area of Ghana. Forests are being cut down at much larger scale than ever before, to be used as fuel, to provide products we use in our daily life, or to simply create more space for agriculture to sustain growing human population. One cause of deforestation is the utilization of wood people receive from cutting down forests to make several different types of appliances. Hence every citizen should be a guardian of the remaining trees and be inspired and encouraged to plant trees. 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